The question Raf'ol yadayn when I am praying behind a imam of different madhab leads me to ask what are the limits of following an imam according to the scholars of the different schools of fiqh.
My question is focused on the following situation:

  • The imam is praying "normally" (he is neither a traveller nor having any physical defect that may cause him to pray otherwise for example if he was hindered to stand while praying)
  • and the prayer is prayed in a correct manner (no sujud sahw is necessary)
  • the main issue is the difference in scholarly opinion.

To be more precise should one follow an imam in each movement (putting right hand on left hand over or under the naval, rising hands for takbeer etc.) or just in each part of the prayer (doing ruku' after he does etc.)?

What if an imam does something which is "not allowed" (makrooh or even bid'ah according a madhhab) in your madhhab for example rising hands for du'a al-Qunut (AFAIK neither malikis nor hanafis do this) or saying takbeer (AFAIK only hanafis do so) before starting it?

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