Here in South Africa, we sight the moon according to the Sunnah to determine whether it is the start of Ramadan, or the end respectively. And not every location in South Africa gets to sight the moon.
So a lot of towns and cities wait to hear from our Imam as the Musjid as to whether any other confirmed sightings took place, and whether or not Ramadan will start on that night, or whether Eid eve is upon us, and so on.
This is all achieved with telephone, mobile phone, and internet. There is a very short time span between Maghreb (when the moon can be sighted) and Esha, the night prayer - before which the sighting must be confirmed - so the only way we acquire confirmation in such a short period is thanks to technology.
But how did they do it during the Prophet's (PBUH) & Sahaba's (MABPWT) time? If the moon was sighted in Medina, but not Makkah, how did they pass the message on fast enough? This would also apply to just maintaining the lunar calendar. Ignoring Eid and Ramadan, they would have needed a consistent way to keep the lunar calendar constant throughough specific towns, and cities within the same location....so how did this all happen?
I tried searching for an answer by Googling, but I don't think I'm using the correct phrasing - or maybe nobody's asked. Thanks.