We know that:

"The reward of deeds depends upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. ..." (For example in sahih al-Bukhari)

or as translated here in sahih Muslim:

(The value of) an action depends on the intention behind it. A man will be rewarded only for what he intended. ...

My question is let us assume a person has neither something to eat or drink and no possibility to reach any of both that easily and the time for maghrib or the adhan of maghrib is close (in Ramadan) can this person simply intend to break the fast or must he/she actually eat or drink to break it?
What are the scholarly opinions on this matter?


2 Answers 2


Whoever intends without doubt that he will break fast, then his fasting is immediatly broken.

Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen was asked about a man who was travelling and fasting in Ramadaan, and intended to break his fast but then he did not find anything with which to break his fast, so he changed his mind and completed the fast until Maghrib. Is his fast valid or not?

He replied:

His fast is not valid and he has to make it up, because when he intended to break the fast, he broke his fast. But if he had said ‘If I find water I will drink, otherwise I will carry on fasting,’ and he did not find any water, then his fast is valid, because his intention was not definite, rather breaking the fast was conditional upon finding something, but he did not find that thing, so his initial intention remained in effect.

And explained in Zaad al-Mustaqni’:

The one who intends to break the fast has broken the fast. And I warn you, my brothers, against those who are not well versed in knowledge; I warn you against them if they say that they do not know of anyone who said that, or that no one said that. They may be telling the truth, because they do not know the books of the scholars and they have not studied them, and they do not know anything about them. Moreover, even if we assume that this is not to be found in the books of the scholars, didn’t the Prophet (peace be upon him) say: “Actions are but by intentions”? So if he said “Actions are but by intentions” and this man intended to break his fast, he has broken his fast.

Liqaa’aat al-Baab il-Maftooh (29/20).

  • 2
    This looks like a copy paste -I've read the same fatwa- please add a reference for your post. And this is not really what I expect as an answer.
    – Medi1Saif
    May 29, 2018 at 13:36

Fast can be broken when we intentionally dont eat something to open fast. Ramadan Fast can be broken with food, drink, sex, kiss, relationship. Source: www.theramadankareem.com/ramadan-rules-fasting-relation-food/

  • This doesn't answer the given question at all. And misses the topic of the question.
    – Medi1Saif
    Mar 29, 2019 at 19:49
  • i think now it is oky, i misunderstand the question.
    – Monika
    Mar 29, 2019 at 19:56
  • Still no improvement.
    – Medi1Saif
    Mar 30, 2019 at 6:50

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