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Being a mussafir (traveller) has significance for ritual purposes, in particular: I think all schools of law allow shortening prayers and some allow praying prayers during different times than usual, and a mussafir is not required to fast during Ramadan.

I'm wondering whether there are any legal effects of being a mussafir that have nothing to do with ritual obligations?

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Worship and safar/travelling

First note that this applies only for two out of three kinds of travel: travel for obedience (like hajj, Jihad, visiting relatives or a sick person etc.) and an allowed travel (like for vacancy) and doesn't apply for travelling for disobedience!

Here shortly a list -without details- of travelling related easements:

  • shortening the 4 raka'a fard prayers!
  • combining two prayers.
  • breaking fast in Ramadan.
  • having more time to perform mas-h on the Khufayyn (wiping on leather socks).
  • having the permission to miss Jumuah.
  • performing nafl prayers while driving/riding.
  • leaving out the sunnah prayers except fajr.

Some virtues of travelling

It is also recommended for a person which wants to travel to:

Conclusion

Basically there are only worship related effects of being Mussafir. And traveling is considered as a kind of torture -due to the fact that one leaves those whom one loves- therefore it is hardly recommended to turn back as soon as possible.

My basic souce in Arabic.

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    "mas-h on the Khufayyn" Could you explain what this means? I don't know those terms and google isn't helpful in this case. – G. Bach May 3 '18 at 12:12

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