I was wondering if Muslim women are allowed to work outside of their home? Are there conditions where it is allowed? What if the husband's income isn't enough for the family?

  • Because question like this I asked this question islam.stackexchange.com/q/1223/140 Islam is huge and large there is a lot of other thinks that can depend on this question.
    – adopilot
    Commented Jul 7, 2012 at 13:57

3 Answers 3


A Muslim woman must not be excessive in going out from home unless it is a valid necessity that cannot be fulfilled unless she goes out. So, if she has need to go out, she must observe proper hijab. However, if a woman is able to stay at home, that is better and protective for her. Allah addressed His Prophet's wives-who are our role models -

"And remain in your homes." [Al-Azhaab:33]"

This is also reiterated when we read that Allah loves it when woman prays at home and doesn't go to masaajid though masaajid is the pure place for prayer.

The Prophet (salallahu alayhi wassalam) said: Do no prevent the servant woman of Allah from going out to the masaajid of Allah. But their homes are better for them." [Muslim no.442]

However, Scholars of Islam don’t restrict a woman from working outside of her home. In fact, there are jobs where women are required. For example, teaching women or female gynecologists, nurses etc. There is nothing wrong in that as long as she abides by the following guidelines [1]:

  1. She must have a need for doing this work or the community she lives in requires her to do this job, such that there cannot be found any man that can do the job.

  2. She should do this after fulfilling the job she has at home, which is her primary job.

  3. This job must be in an environment of women only, such as her teaching women (only) or doctoring and nursing female patients. And her work must be separate from men.

  4. Likewise, there is nothing that restricts her from learning the affairs of her Religion – in fact she is obligated to do this. And there is nothing preventing her from teaching about the aspects of her Religion, so long as there is a need for that and her teaching is held in an environment of (only) women. And there is no harm in her attending classes in a masjid and so on, while being consistent in that and segregated from men. This can be seen from the women in the beginning of Islaam (i.e. the Sahaabiyaat), in that they would work and study and attend the masaajid.

Also, since nowadays there are opportunities to work for a concern from home, this is good. It is also allowed by Islam provided she fulfills the job at home.

[1] From Tanbeehaat ‘alaa Ahkaam takhtassu bil-Mu’minaat (pg. 6-11) by Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzaan

  • This is missing the restriction that she needs her wali's permission.
    – G. Bach
    Commented Feb 2, 2017 at 13:32

I am no scholar, but the wives of the Prophet PBUP "worked". Hazrat Khadeejah was a successful merchant. How she conducted her trade, I am not sure, but it would be fairly difficult to be successful without enforcing some sort of authority, which meant it would require her presence or interaction with her hirelings.

Hazrat Aisha was a scholar. Scholars, do not live in a hole. They interact, albeit this kind of interaction can always be done behind a screen of sorts.

So the precedent is there, the only question is how to go on about it. For that Scholars have put forward their opinions with arguments. If this matter is dear to your heart, don't only look at their final statements, look at their arguments as well and decide accordingly.

  • Just a food for thought. What you said about Khadeejah (may Allah be pleased with her) is before Islam. Allah knows best.
    – Abdullah
    Commented Jun 23, 2012 at 18:23
  • 1
    I haven't found any articles which mentioned she stopped working after getting married? Would anyone have any references?
    – Nasir
    Commented Jun 24, 2012 at 13:21
  • You are falsely assuming that being a businesswoman requires going out in public. Khadeejah performed Mudarabah i.e. a partnership where she supplied the capital and someone else (such as the Prophet ﷺ) performed the actual trading. She also had a slave named Maisarah who acted on her behalf. Ref: Al-Bidaya wa'l-Nihaya.
    – UmH
    Commented Jun 5, 2023 at 7:45

As long as she doesn't violate the code of conduct and rules of Islam made obligatory upon her, such as:

  • how should one interact converse with a non-mahram *
  • the dress code she should follow *
  • rights of husband are not negatively affected
  • husband's permission
  • parents' permission (could be mistaken here)
  • surety that one's faith will not be at risk *
  • business doesn't involve haram dealings or things that are prohibited. E.g. wine production
  • etc

then it is perfectly halal.

* same applies for men.

  • Figners Please state reference. Jazak Allah Khair
    – Adam
    Commented Jun 13, 2015 at 16:11
  • OP didn't ask for it, therefore not required, @Adam Commented Jun 13, 2015 at 16:13
  • 2
    Actually, its not really about OP, Its a answer toward Islamic topic which could lead to something totally wrong. Wouldn't you think its more beneficial for someone to reference authentic resource that back your logic? Everything Islam is base on Quran and Sunnah, and things deviant from it will be dangerous to teach. Its of benefit of your own hereafter. I just have a reminder, thats all.
    – Adam
    Commented Jun 13, 2015 at 16:16
  • It's about what the question has asked that has to be answered, @Adam . Anything else is optional and/or totally unnecessary. Commented Jun 13, 2015 at 16:20
  • I understand it's hard to put down one's ego sometimes and its between you and Allah. Asalamalaykum.
    – Adam
    Commented Jun 13, 2015 at 22:14

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