I have not come across any Islamic scholarly view that considers this verse, or any other verse in the Qur'an or a hadith for that matter, as a "scientific" miracle. If you have such an Islamic scholarly view, please share it by editing your question. What you will find that scholars of exegesis (Qur'an and hadith) did was to use scientific evidence of their time to explain Islamic text, not to use Islamic text to prove or establish scientific findings.
Most of the discussions of the so-called scientific miracles emerged in recent times, in the 20th century to be specific. None that I have come across are from what one can call Muslim scholars; rather, from preachers (for lack of a better term) of Islam who scientific background, e.g., Zaghloul an-Naggār or Mohammed Rateb an-Nabulsi (I am aware that the English pages say they are Muslim scholars, but this is not the word used to describe either in the Arabic pages, nor is it justified by their line of study). When it comes to scholars fo Islam, even in the 20th century, Muhammad ibn al Uthaymeen said in his book Al-'Ilm (which may be translated to "The Science"):
فالإعجاز العلمي في الحقيقة لا ننكره، لا ننكر أن في القران أشياء ظهر بيانها في الأزمنة المتأخرة لكن غالى بعض الناس في الإعجاز العلمي حتى رأينا من جعل القرآن كأنه كتاب رياضة وهذا خطأ
— NOTE: My own translation, so treat with care.
As the scientific miracles [of the Qur'an] is something that we do not really deny; we do not deny that in the Qur'an there are verses that could only be explained by discoveries in later times. Some people have taken this [concept of] scientific miracles far too much, to the extent that some want to turn the Qur'an into a book of mathematics, and this is wrong.
— Al-'Ilm, pp. 105
Note that the verses specific to your question do not discuss the stages of the formation of an embryo; rather, the concept of the creation of an embryo. The word used in the Arabic language is khalaqna (Arabic: خلقنا), which means "We created":
ثُمَّ خَلَقْنَا النُّطْفَةَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْعَلَقَةَ مُضْغَةً فَخَلَقْنَا الْمُضْغَةَ عِظَامًا فَكَسَوْنَا الْعِظَامَ لَحْمًا ثُمَّ أَنشَأْنَاهُ خَلْقًا آخَرَ فَتَبَارَكَ اللَّهُ أَحْسَنُ الْخَالِقِينَ
Then We made the sperm-drop into a clinging clot, and We made the clot into a lump [of flesh], and We made [from] the lump, bones, and We covered the bones with flesh; then We developed him into another creation. So blessed is Allah, the best of creators.
— Surat Al-Mu'minun 23:14
Science may well observe all the different stages of formation, but does not observe the creation. In fact, Allah informs us in the Qur'an of the fact that the detailed knowledge of the creation process was no shared with us:
مَّا أَشْهَدتُّهُمْ خَلْقَ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَلَا خَلْقَ أَنفُسِهِمْ وَمَا كُنتُ مُتَّخِذَ الْمُضِلِّينَ عَضُدًا
I did not make them witness to the creation of the heavens and the earth or to the creation of themselves, and I would not have taken the misguiders as assistants.
— Surat Al-Kahf 18:51
You will not find scientists, Muslims or non-Muslims that can confidently explain the process of how a soul is created since no one can observe the creation or the destruction of a soul, albeit that the signs associated with the soul (or life within a body) may be observed. Indeed, observing the signs of creation is something that Allah ordered us to observe and think about as a sign of His Divinity:
أَوَلَمْ يَرَوْا كَيْفَ يُبْدِئُ اللَّهُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ إِنَّ ذَٰلِكَ عَلَى اللَّهِ يَسِيرٌ
Have they not considered how Allah begins creation and then repeats it? Indeed that, for Allah, is easy.
— Surat Al-'Ankabut 29:19
Finally, as a validation, I searched about this topic of embryo formation in traditional books that discuss the miracles of the Qur'an:
I understand that such books are not conclusive to prove that no other Muslim scholars consider the verse in question to be a miracle and that at the risk of committing a reductio-ad-absurdum fallacy, it may be more meaningful if you can produce your evidence by Muslim scholars of the "scientific miracle" in this verse.
Examples of books that discuss the miracles of the Qur'an that discussed the topic are:
- In Al-Qur'an wa I'jāzuh al-'Ilmi (an apologetic book published in 2010) by Mohammad Isma'il Ibrahim (I have been unable to find who the author is), he discussed this verse in pp. 102-8, then cursory mention in pp. 48, and pp. 168. He compared, as is the case for the entire book, the "Islamic view" as presented by Muslim scholars versus the "Scientific view" as evidenced by modern science. When talking about this verse in pp. 102, he said that the Islamic scholarly view is that the origin of the creation of humanity is dust (referring to Adam), then his descendants are created from sperm that fertilizes an egg in the womb of a woman, where it develops until the soul is breathed into it. This shows that the greatness of Allah's creation and His ability to start a creation in one form that ends in another. He then presents that modern science has proved that the stages of formation of an embryo are as presented in the Qur'an.
- In Mawsū'at al-I'jāz al-'Ilmī fi al-Qur'an wa as-Sunnah by Mohammed Rateb an-Nabulsi, he discussed this verse in pp. 86-87, then cursory mention in pp. 95, and pp. 166. He, too, had a similar Islamic interpretation to that presented by Mohammad Isma'il Ibrahim then discussed how embryology proves the accuracy of the description of the Qur'an. He did not, however, say the list in the Qur'an is comprehensive; rather, he compared the description in the Qur'an to the modern images at each stage.