1

I was a Christian and I became Muslim. I got married to a Muslim girl. If I return to my religion (Christian), is my marriage still valid?

2

No it doesn't, because the marriage of a Muslim woman to a non-Muslim man is not lawful:

فلا ترجعوهن الى الكفار لا هن حل لهم ولا هم يحلون لهن

do not return them to the disbelievers; they are not lawful [wives] for them, nor are they lawful [husbands] for them

Quran 60:10

The same applies to someone who leaves Islam: the marriage will be dissolved, though some opinions in the schools will give the husband a chance to revert to Islam and retain the marriage, till the completion of Iddah:

وإذا ارتد أحد الزوجين عن الإسلام وقعت الفرقة بغير طلاق

If one of the spouses turns away from Islam (becomes apostate) a separation ending marriage occurs without divorce.

الهداية في شرح بداية المبتدي ; [English Translation]

وإذا ارتد أحد الزوجين انفسخ النكاح بطلاق وقد قيل بغير طلاق

If either one of a married couple leaves Islam, their marriage is invalidated and they automatically become divorced, although another opinion is that the marriage is invalidated but no actual divorce takes place

رسالة ابن أبي زيد ; [English Translation & exposition]

قال الشافعية، والحنابلة والمالكية: لو ارتد الزوجان أو أحدهما قبل الدخول تنجزت الفُرْقة، أي انفسخ النكاح في الحال. وإن كانت الردة بعد الدخول، توقفت الفرقة أو الفسخ على انقضاء العدة، فإن جمعهما الإسلام في العدة، دام النكاح، وإن لم يجمعهما في العدة انفسخ النكاح من وقت الردة

Shafis, Hanbalis and Malikis say: If a wife and husband both or one of them becomes an apostate and the apostasy is before consummation then the Nikah would be Faskh (annuled) and if the apostasy is after consummation then it will remain up-till the Iddah (waiting period) ... if the apostate reverts to Islam before the end of the period then the Nikah would remain valid. If they do not revert to Islam within the period then it will be annulled.

الفقه الإسلامي وأدلته

الحنفية - قالوا: أما الجواب عن الأول فإنه إذا ارتد الزوج عن دينه بانت منه زوجته في الحال

Hanafis say: When a husband becomes an apostate then the wife is immediately removed from the marriage.

المالكية - قالوا : في الجواب عن الأول والثاني : إذا ارتد الزوج فرق بينه وبين زوجته ... أن الردة نفسها طلاق بائن . فمتى ارتد بانت منه امرأته كما لو طلقها طلاقا بائنا ويجب التفريق بينهما فورا وهذا هو المشهور

The Malikis say that if the husband apostasies then separation from the wife is obligatory ... apostasy is equivalent to طلاق بائن (irrevocable divorce) hence when a person becomes an apostate the marriage is ended and it is essential that the two immediately separate; this is the Mashur view.

الفقه على المذاهب الأربعة

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