How do you complete missed rakah in congregation prayer. I would like to know the rules according to the Hanafi school of thought, since it is prevalent in our region.
What I am aware of is that, if you are able to "join the prayer" before the imam gets up from the ruku position, then you have not missed that rakah. But what does it mean to "join the prayer". Can I join the prayer without reading thana, Ta'awwudh, tasmiyah, Al-faatiha and the additional surat? Are the rules of joining the prayer different for non-silent prayers such as fajr, magrib, isha?
Please explain all the situations i.e., if I join in 1st, 2nd, 3rd, 4th rakat for fajr, asr, magrib and isha prayers, since they involve different no of rakah and also because asr salah is silent.