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Below are two translations of Qur'an 5:69 from IslamAwakened:

Indeed, those who have believed [in Prophet Muhammad] and those [before Him] who were Jews or Sabeans or Christians - those [among them] who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness - no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve.
Qur'an 5:69; Sahih International

Rest assured that the believers (Muslims), the Jews, the Sabians and the Christians - whoever believes in Allah and the Last Day and does righteous deeds - will have nothing to fear or to regret.
Qur'an 5:69; Farook Malik

The Sahih International translation applies only to believers prior to the Prophet Muhammad. The Farook Malik translation applies to Jews, Sabians and Christians in general. I'm not sure which of these is accurate.

Question: Do modern-day Jews, Sabians and Christians have "nothing to fear or to regret" (Qur'an 5:69)?

  • I don't know if I'm right but when sahih international says 'those who have believed [in Prophet Muhammad] and those [before Him] who were Jews or Sabeans or Christians might refer to those who believe in the prophets that can before Muhammad that are the centre of Judaism, Sabians and Christianity such as Musa and Isa and so it may be referring to modern day Jews, Sabeans and Christians because they believe in the Prophets that came before Muhammad. Please correct me if I'm wrong. – Armaan Feb 21 '18 at 18:02
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If they learn of the arrival of the Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) and reject him and continue on their original religion, then no they will not have "nothing to fear or regret". This should be apparent from several verses in the Quran:

ومن يبتغ غير الإسلام دينا فلن يقبل منه وهو في الآخرة من الخاسرين

And whoever desires other than Islam as religion - never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.

Quran 3:85

ومن يكفر بالله وملائكته وكتبه ورسله واليوم الآخر فقد ضل ضلالا بعيدا

And whoever disbelieves in Allah, His angels, His books, His messengers, and the Last Day has certainly gone far astray.

Quran 4:136

ومن يكفر بالإيمان فقد حبط عمله وهو في الآخرة من الخاسرين

And whoever denies the faith - his work has become worthless, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.

[ this comes after the permission to eat their food and marry their women, to show that these actions do not imply their salvation ]

Quran 5:5

إن الذين يكفرون بالله ورسله ويريدون أن يفرقوا بين الله ورسله ويقولون نؤمن ببعض ونكفر ببعض ويريدون أن يتخذوا بين ذلك سبيلا

أولئك هم الكافرون حقًّا وأعتدنا للكافرين عذابًا مهينًا

Indeed, those who disbelieve in Allah and His messengers and wish to discriminate between Allah and His messengers and say, "We believe in some and disbelieve in others," and wish to adopt a way in between -

Those are the disbelievers, truly. And We have prepared for the disbelievers a humiliating punishment.

Quran 4:150-151

ومن لم يؤمن بالله ورسوله فإنا أعتدنا للكافرين سعيرا

And whoever has not believed in Allah and His Messenger - then indeed, We have prepared for the disbelievers a Blaze.

Quran 48:13

لا يسمع بي أحد من هذه الأمة يهودي ولا نصراني ثم لم يؤمن بالذي أرسلت به إلا كان من أصحاب النار

Whoever amongst the community of Jews or Christians hears about me, but does not affirm his belief in that with which I have been sent and dies in this state, he shall be but one of the denizens of Hell-Fire.

Sahih Muslim

There are three major Tafsirs of 2:62 and 5:69:

  • The verses preceding these talk about Hypocrites and the disbelieving Jews and Christians. This verse states that if they believe in Islam they will be saved, regardless of their past misdeeds.

  • This was revealed in reference to the companions of Salman the Persian. They believed in the previous revelations and awaited the arrival of Muhammad (ﷺ) but were unaware of him.

  • They mean the people who died in the past, before the Prophet. The Jews till the arrival of Jesus and the Christians till the arrival of Muhammad (ﷺ).

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In the name of God, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.


Your question: Do modern day Jews, Christians and Sabians have nothing to fear or to regret?

That depends on each person, because some they have heard of Islam but have rejected and they have to fear and those Christians, Jews and Sabians in our days Whoever did not heard of Islam correctly or never heard of Islam must at already do good and believe in one God because God Says:

”Indeed, those who have believed [in Prophet Muhammad] and those [before Him] who were Jews or Sabeans or Christians - those [among them] who believed in God and the Last Day and did righteousness - no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve.”

Qur'an 5:69; Sahih International

Now in our days we have Google, Tv and radios and so on and they can hear the message of Islam but those who did not heard correctly and died in that state will not be punished, but a messenger will come to them on the Day of Resurrection to inform them the correct message of Islam and those who rejected will go to Hell and hide who accepted will go to Heaven as per Quran says and there are some who have been given a correct message in this world and some they reject it and some accept it and they’ll be punished those who reject it and die in state of rejection because God Says:

”...And We never punish until We have sent a Messenger (to give warning).” [al-Israa’ 17:15].

It is also mention by prophet Muhammad this but it is narrated in Saheeh Muslim that the Prophet , said: “By him in whose hand is the life of Muhammad, he who amongst the community of Jews or Christians hears about me but does not affirm his belief in that with which I have been sent and dies in this state (of disbelief), shall be but one of the denizens of the Hellfire.”

A person who has never heard of Islam or the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of God be upon him), and who has never heard the message in its correct and true form, will not be punished by God if he dies in a state of kufr (disbelief). If it were asked what his fate will be, the answer will be that God will test him on the Day of Resurrection: if he obeys, he will enter Paradise and if he disobeys he will enter Hell.

CONCLUSION: Also a disbeliever who did not heard of Islam also in our days maybe because he/she did not had access to it or simply never heard of it will not be punished but will be tested on the Great Day and only those who died in state of rejection of the Truth(Islam) will have to regret or they’ll have to fear of God wants. And those who did not understood the message of Islam in correct form will not be punished but will be tested in a Great Day.

God Says:

”Lo! those who believe, and those who are Jews, and Sabaeans, and Christians - Whosoever believeth in God and the Last Day and doeth right - there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve.”

I think this applies to those who lived before the appearance of Islam and the Prophet. And died without hearing it.

I hope I gave you good answer. If there’s anything wrong please tell me.

References:

  1. https://islamqa.info/en/1244

  2. https://www.quora.com/Are-non-Muslims-going-to-heaven-according-to-Islam

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My understanding is very simple on this topic,

A Muslim is simply any one who 1) believes in the one God, 2) believes in the last day, 3) does righteous deeds Q3:114 n others

We get everything wrong when we are made to believe that Islam was innitiated by Muhammad,

Islam us not a religion but a righteous system of God which has been the norm since the beginning.

So one does not need to believe in Muhammad message to be a Muslim

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