0

[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing.

Quran 6:101

Which group is this ayah aimed at? This group seems to belive that believes that needs a consort to have a son.

Does this ayah mean that if Allah decided to have a son, he could only have a son through biological means like humans?

  • 1
    It means he has no equal, so having a son goes against that essential notion of God – Charlie Jan 23 '18 at 21:36
1

In his tafsīr of the verse you are asking about:

بَدِيعُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ أَنَّىٰ يَكُونُ لَهُ وَلَدٌ وَلَمْ تَكُن لَّهُ صَاحِبَةٌ ۖ وَخَلَقَ كُلَّ شَيْءٍ ۖ وَهُوَ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ عَلِيمٌ

[He is] Originator of the heavens and the earth. How could He have a son when He does not have a companion and He created all things? And He is, of all things, Knowing.

— Surat Al-An'am 6:101

Ibn Kathīr quoted Al-'Awfy saying that:

وَخَرَقُوا لَهُ بَنِينَ وَبَنَاتٍ بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ

For they have attributed to Him sons and daughters without knowledge.

— Surat Al-An'am 6:100

This is not talking about any specific group as such. There are several groups that had a notion of Allah having sons, daughters, or both, e.g., Egyptian Horus, Indian Krishna, Indian Mitra, Persian Mithra, Mexican Quetzalcoatl, Syrian Tammuz, etc. All such groups have similar notions of a savior son of God.

The word walad in Arabic is better translated as offspring as it has the same root origin as to give birth. This is a form of ridicule by irony. Ibn Kathīr explains that to have an offspring, it means there would be an equal to Allah, let that be the offspring, or a wife through which the offspring is obtained, or any other of His creations, and Allah has no equal and no match. The irony is: If Allah does not need a consort to have a son, why would He need a son in the first place as a sacrifice as is the case in the stories above? Needless to say, this is not limited only to Horus, Krishna, etc., but to any other similar notion.

  • 1
    So Allah sent a prophet in western Arabia to adress religious issues happening across the world? – user25685 Jan 23 '18 at 7:53
  • @aska123 why not if Allah says:"And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the worlds." (21:107) legacy.quran.com/21/107 and "Blessed is He who sent down the Criterion upon His Servant that he may be to the worlds a warner -" (25:1) legacy.quran.com/25/1 and many more – Medi1Saif Jan 23 '18 at 8:56

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy