When praying the fard of Dhuhr/Zuhr and Asr salah in congregation behind the imam, the imam recites everything silently.
According to some websites, it is makrooh tahrimi to recite anything behind the imam during salah in the Hanafi madhab, be it silent or loud prayer.
However, they also state that reciting surah Fatiha during congregation is wajib in the Shaf'iee madhab.
Why do the 2 madhabs have such opposite rulings for this incidence?
Question: Do the muqtadis need to recite anything while praying behind the imam, i.e. surahs, salawat, dua e masura, whether it is during silent salah or loud salah?
Please answer from all 4 madhabs view in this with evidence to support each claim