2

I have heard there is a hadith about 73 sects from Ibn Majah. I want to know the authenticity of this hadeeth. Please give me some reasons to prove this hadeeth as sahih.

3 Answers 3

4

The hadith you are referring to is authentic, and has multiple versions with different grades.

It was compiled in Jami' at-Tirmidhi hadiths 2640 and 2641, Sunan Abi Dawud hadiths 4596 and 4597, Sunan Ibn Majah hadiths 3991 and 3992 and 3993, Musnad Ahmad hadith 2/332, Al-Mustadrak hadith 61, as well as numerous other books of hadith.

The hadith was narrated with essentially two versions through the authority of multiple companions:

The first version mentions that the Muslim nation will be divided into 73 sects and mention that only one sect will be saved:

عَنْ أَنَسِ بْنِ مَالِكٍ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏ إِنَّ بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ افْتَرَقَتْ عَلَى إِحْدَى وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً وَإِنَّ أُمَّتِي سَتَفْتَرِقُ عَلَى ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً كُلُّهَا فِي النَّارِ إِلاَّ وَاحِدَةً وَهِيَ الْجَمَاعَةُ

It was narrated from Anas bin Malik that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: The Children of Israel split into seventy-one sects, and my nation will split into seventy-two, all of which will be in Hell apart from one, which is the main congregation.

Sunan Ibn Majah 3993, Book 36, Hadith 68

The second version mentions that the Muslim nation will be divided into 73 sects only, with no mention of the sect that will be saved:

عَنْ أَبِي هُرَيْرَةَ قَالَ: قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم: افْتَرَقَتِ الْيَهُودُ عَلَى إِحْدَى أَوْ ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً وَتَفَرَّقَتِ النَّصَارَى عَلَى إِحْدَى أَوْ ثِنْتَيْنِ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً وَتَفْتَرِقُ أُمَّتِي عَلَى ثَلاَثٍ وَسَبْعِينَ فِرْقَةً

Narrated AbuHurayrah: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: The Jews were split up into seventy-one or seventy-two sects, and the Christians were split up into seventy-one or seventy-two sects, and my community will be split up into seventy-three sects.

Sunan Abi Dawud 4596, Book 42, Hadith 1

Note that sect is referring to groups that will differ in their creed ('Aqīda, Arabic: العقيدة). Groups that differ on branches of practice are called jurisprudence schools (madhhab, Arabic: مذهب).

For more information, you may refer to this discussion (Arabic only). The reason the hadith is authentic through some of its chains is that the entire chain is trustworthy, of good memory, and continuous.

1
  • -1 because this hadith is not authentic, meaning this answer is wrong. I've given my answer below explaining the authenticity of the hadith and have provided trustworthy, scholarly sources.
    – YoMango
    Commented Feb 20, 2023 at 6:32
0

Althought you've already received a more-than-exhaustive answer, I'd like to add that it is authentic for current circumstances amongst Muslims in terms of Aqeedah as well. You can clearly see many arguments amongst Muslim groups who hate one another.

2
  • 1
    This is not an answer as you don't address the question about authenticity but focus on the applicability of the context
    – aadil095
    Commented Feb 18, 2020 at 12:44
  • Should have been a comment Commented Aug 25, 2020 at 10:26
-2

The truth is that these narrations are all likely weak, corrupted, or fabricated, and there is no authentic evidence whatsoever for the part that says “all of them will enter the Hellfire except one”.

Imam Al-Shawkani, in his famous Tafsir (exegesis) of the Quran called Fath Al-Qadeer, has mentioned this hadith and said “all of them will enter the Hellfire except one” is a fabrication. [1]

Imam Ibn Hazm, in his book Al-Fisal fi al-Milal wa al-Nihal, has rejected the narrations of this hadith and claimed them to be NOT authentic. [2]

Famous contemporary hadith scholar, Mohammad Al-Hasan Al-Dido has also said that the part that says “all of them will enter the Hellfire except one” is inauthentic and there is not a single authentic narration containing it. [3]

The Kuwaiti Islamic scholar Dr. Ḥākim al-Muṭayrī conducted an extensive, 39 page, study of all of the relevant hadith narrations regarding this issue. [4]

He concluded in his study that:

وعلى كل فكل طرق هذا الحديث مناكير وغرائب ضعيفة ومنكرة، وأحسنها حالا حديث أبي هريرة وهو حديث حسن، مع تساهل كبير في تحسينه لتفرد محمد بن عمرو به، وهو صدوق له أوهام خاصة في روايته عن أبي سلمة عن أبي هريرة، ولهذا كان القدماء يتقون حديثه كما قال يحيى بن معين.

All of the ṭuruq (the chains of narrators) of this hadith are objectionable and unauthentic. The best of them is the hadith of Abū Hurayra, which is a ḥasan hadith (i.e. not good enough to be considered authentic, but having an acceptable meaning and not clearly fabricated), provided that we extend it great latitude (i.e. lower our standards) for the fact of Muhammad bin ʿAmr being its only transmitter, who is known to be a truthful person who has awhām (plural of wahm, "confusion" or "delusion", meaning he gets confused and mixes up narrations), especially in his narrations from Abū Salama, from Abū Hurayra, and for this reason the early hadith scholars were cautious of his narrations, as Yaḥyā bin Maʿīn has mentioned.

Please note that the strongest hadith that Dr. al-Muṭayrī mentioned in his conclusion isn't authentic and is a version of the hadith that does NOT have the part that says "all of them will enter the Hellfire except one".

For those who disagree, the study has addressed all the hadiths that you might believe is evidence for this hadith to be authentic and I encourage everyone to check it out.

Conclusion

The hadith is not Sahih and shouldn't be taken seriously within the deen.

Many Muslims have used this inauthentic hadith to commit blatant and most-often unjustified takfir upon other Muslims and cause unnecessary division within the ummah.

Just do your best to follow the deen and may Allah accept from all of us, Ameen.

Sources

  1. Tafsir Fath Al-Qadeer 2/294

  2. Al-Fisal fi al-Milal wa al-Nihal 3/138

  3. Asking DIFFICULT Questions to a GENIUS Muslim Scholar

  4. Dr. Ḥākim al-Muṭayrī Study (Arabic)

3
  • Whoever downvoted, please explain why. I have cited trustworthy sources clearly.
    – YoMango
    Commented Feb 20, 2023 at 6:19
  • -1 The hadith has multiple chains with truthful narrators 1,2,3. Even if some of them made mistakes if they happen to agree with each other it is unlikely to be a mistake. Numerous ulama have called this hadith Saheeh such as Albani, Hakim, Iraqi, Shaatibi, Ibn Kathir, Ibn Taymiyyah etc. Also this hadith is reflected in the Quran: And do not be like those who split ˹into sects˺ and differed after clear proofs had come to them. It is they who will suffer a tremendous punishment. 3:105
    – Harun
    Commented Feb 20, 2023 at 6:52
  • My brother, there are some scholars out there who disagree with this as I've listed. If there's no unanimity on this issue then this shouldn't be taken with certainty as part of the deen. Moreso the "saved sect" part. The study I've attached addresses all the narrations regarding this hadith including the 3 you listed. 2 of them you gave were Hasan and the other Sahih but the Study has shown through scholarly sources that that hadith isn't authentic either, containing 4 issues, starting at source 109 in the study. And the Quran ayah isn't indicative of "only one saved sect" concept either.
    – YoMango
    Commented Feb 20, 2023 at 20:18

You must log in to answer this question.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged .