عَنْ هِشَامِ بْنِ عُرْوَةَ، عَنْ أَبِيهِ، عَنْ عَائِشَةَ ـ رضى الله
عنها ـ أَنَّ الْحَارِثَ بْنَ هِشَامٍ، سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صلى الله عليه
وسلم كَيْفَ يَأْتِيكَ الْوَحْىُ قَالَ " كُلُّ ذَاكَ يَأْتِي
الْمَلَكُ أَحْيَانًا فِي مِثْلِ صَلْصَلَةِ الْجَرَسِ، فَيَفْصِمُ
عَنِّي وَقَدْ وَعَيْتُ مَا قَالَ، وَهْوَ أَشَدُّهُ عَلَىَّ،
وَيَتَمَثَّلُ لِي الْمَلَكُ أَحْيَانًا رَجُلاً، فَيُكَلِّمُنِي فَأَعِي
مَا يَقُولُ "
Narrated Aisha: Al Harith bin Hisham asked the Prophet, "How does the
divine inspiration come to you?" He replied, "In all these ways: The
Angel sometimes comes to me with a voice which resembles the sound of
a ringing bell, and when this state abandons me, I remember what the
Angel has said, and this type of Divine Inspiration is the hardest on
me; and sometimes the Angel comes to me in the shape of a man and
talks to me, and I understand and remember what he says." [Sahih
" وَلَقَدْ رَأَيْتُهُ يَنْزِلُ عَلَيْهِ فِي الْيَوْمِ الشَّدِيدِ
الْبَرْدِ فَيُفْصِمُ عَنْهُ وَإِنَّ جَبِينَهُ لَيَتَفَصَّدُ عَرَقًا"
"I saw it coming down on him on an intensely cold day, and when
it had left him his forehead was dripping with sweat."
This hadith shows us how to Gabriel contact with Prophet peace be upon him to inform him of God's revelation to him whether the quran or not quran, which is two things:
1- The first case:
Gabriel remain to his spiritual situation, and connected with the messenger peace be upon him, and the Prophet then hear introductions arrival in like the ringing of a bell, because who around him knew situation of the revelation from the situation that the prophet suffered when is received.
Then after the separation of the revelation from the Prophet peace be upon him and his return to its normal state, reads to his companions what he received from the Koran by Gabriel ..
2- The second case:
including Previous hadeeth:
It turns Gabriel from his case property to the human form, and comes to the Messenger of Allah and spoke to him as normal human speak.
Here's another hadeeth shows this case
* After talking about the ways of the revelation ..
This verse from the Qur'an shows and restrict ways to the talk of God with human ...
"وَمَا كَانَ لِبَشَرٍ أَن يُكَلِّمَهُ اللَّـهُ إِلَّا وَحْيًا أَوْ مِن
وَرَاءِ حِجَابٍ أَوْ يُرْسِلَ رَسُولًا فَيُوحِيَ بِإِذْنِهِ مَا
يَشَاءُ إِنَّهُ عَلِيٌّ حَكِيمٌ"
It is not given to man that God should speak to him except by
suggestion or indirectly, or send a messenger to convey by His command
whatsoever He please. He is all-high and all-wise. [Ash-Shura:51]
It mentioned three ways (with in mind that you want to speak telling):
By revelation: This includes inspiration even for non-prophets, and
true dreams ..
Or indirectly: The intended to talk God to prophets without mediation, words they hear and do not see speakers, as happened to Moses when sent, which is in phase, and Mohammed (peace be upon him) when ascended to heaven (Mi'raj)
Or send a messenger: This applies to the descent of Gabriel to the Prophet peace be upon him in the two previous cases ..