I noticed that "2 angels" and "3 angels" were mentioned in different sites. Specifically, Islami City writes:

Upon Lut’s prayer, Allah sent two angels in the form of men. These angels visited Ibrahim before coming to Lut.

whereas Hadith of the Day writes:

The three angels – said to have been Jibrael AS, Mikael AS and Israfil AS – then arrived at the outskirts of Lut’s AS town in the form of very handsome human beings.

Which is it? I tried to read Qu'ran and it said "the angels".


2 Answers 2


In the Quran the number of angels is not mentioned [Quran 11:77]. From the Sahabah, the more widely accepted report is of three angels: Gabriel, Michael and Israfil (Raphael).

The narration of two angels likely comes from the the Torah where three angels visited Abraham [Genesis 18:2], and two visited Lut [Genesis 19:1]. Jewish commentaries state that one angel had fulfilled his task on visiting Abraham and didn't proceed to Sodom. According to the Talmud: Raphael's task was to heal Abraham. Michael's task was to give news of Isaac and to rescue Lot. And Gabriel's task was to destroy Sodom (the last one coincides with Islamic tradition).

From Tafsir Qurtubi:

وهم جبريل وميكائيل وإسرافيل عليهم السلام؛ قاله ٱبن عباس

They were Gabriel, Michael and Israfil, this is the saying of Ibn Abbas.

From Ibn Kathir's stories of the Prophets Bidaya Wal Nihaya:

قال المفسرون : لما فصلت الملائكة من عند إبراهيم وهم ؛ جبريل ، وميكائيل ، وإسرافيل ، أقبلوا حتى أتوا أرض سدوم

The Muffasirin say: These angels left Abraham, and were Jibrail, Michail and Israfil. They travelled until they reached Sodom.


والقول الآخر خطأ مأخوذ من أهل الكتاب . وقد تصحف عليهم ، كما أخطئوا في قولهم : إن الملائكة كانوا اثنين ، وإنهم تعشوا عنده ، وقد خبط أهل الكتاب في هذه القصة تخبيطا عظيما

The latter saying [that Lot meant his real daughters] is that of the People of the Book. And they have corrupted their scriptures. And they say that the angels were two, and that they ate food ...

  • 1
    Also relevant Razi's Tafsir al Kabir , he suggests that the plural used in the Quran implies at least three.
    – UmH
    Commented Jun 23, 2017 at 15:32

It could not be two angels as the Quran uses the word قالو (they said). Had it been two angels the word قالا would have been used. (Quran 29:33)

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