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If one fights a terrorist group that considers themselves to be Muslim and dies in the process is he considered as a martyr or is he sinning for fighting against Muslims?

  • If the people you kill are guilty of a sin where the hadd punishment is death, and you die innocently then you will be regarded as a martyr. – Armaan Jun 15 '17 at 17:57
  • What about IsIs? I think they are guilty, But most of them don't even realise. (Because, they are full brain-washed<maybe>] – Abdul-639 Jun 15 '17 at 18:08
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    @Armaan I disagree as this may depend on the environment one is in, i.e. on the battlefield all you could do is kill them as that might be the only way to stop them then! – Aboudi Jun 15 '17 at 18:22
  • So, it is permissible to attack first (i mean directly attack their base or camp)? Or, we simply wait for their attack? [which is sometimes cause sensitive!] – Abdul-639 Jun 15 '17 at 21:57
  • This fight is likely to be made by the state. I think you can find a related question about killing as a member of the police / army. – user5751924 Jun 15 '17 at 23:07
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Maybe...

Among the ways of becoming a martyr in Islam is being slain in the cause of Allah:

And if you are killed in the cause of Allah or die - then forgiveness from Allah and mercy are better than whatever they accumulate [in this world]. -- Qur'an 3:157; see also Qur'an 3:169 and Qur'an 47:4

... One who is slain in the way of Allah is a martyr; one who dies in the way of Allah, is a martyr; one who dies of plague is a martyr; one who dies of cholera is a martyr. ... -- Sahih Muslim 1915 a (sunnah.com)

and for self-defence:

He who is killed while protecting his property is a martyr, and he who is killed while defending his family, or his blood, or his religion is a martyr. -- Sunan Abi Dawud 4772 [grade: sahih] (sunnah.com); see also Islam Q&A

There's many more hadiths at sunnah.org. Wikipedia quotes Ibn Arabi:

... if you should be killed [in the martial jihad] you will be among the living martyrs for whom God provides.

So maybe one of these applies to dying in battle against terrorists.

But it's complicated...

However, Islamic military jurisprudence is nuanced, and there's many different opinions. Killing anyone (Qur'an 5:32) and particularly Muslims (Qur'an 4:93) is ordinarily strictly forbidden. Sahih Muslim 96 a (sunnah.com) describes the Prophet's reaction after killing someone who said "There is no god but Allah". And terrorists may indeed be Muslims (although particularly ill-behaved ones).

Who becomes a martyr is also not straightforward, e.g., it depends on one's intention (see e.g. Sahih Muslim 1905 a (sunnah.com)) and behavior (see e.g. Sahih Muslim 114 (sunnah.com)).

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