Both terms are used to express an expiation or ransom (based on the actual context).
See for example (2:85), (2:184) (in context of fast), (2:196) (in context of hajj), (2:229), (3:91), (5:36), (13:18), (37:17), (47:4), (57:15) and (7:11) where the qur'an quotes the term الفدية fidyah (in cases meaning both).

My question is what is the distinction between both Terms?

  • Fidyah is expiation for the old and terminally sick people who cannot fast and Kaffarah is for those who broke their fast or don't fast for no valid reason. – Muslim_1234 Jun 14 '17 at 14:36
  • @Armaan no that's why i rejected the tag wiki fidyah and kafarah are also at least issues in hajj, so they are not restricted on sawm/fasting. – Medi1Saif Jun 14 '17 at 17:13
  • What are you talking about? – Muslim_1234 Jun 14 '17 at 17:28

Fidyah is something which is paid/done because of leaving/missing some Religious Duty because of some sickness or disability.

While Kaffarah is something paid/done because a person leave/miss some religious duty willingly and by his own consent.

Imam Badr ud Deen Zarkashi said in his book Al Mansoor:

أَنَّ الْكَفَّارَةَ لَا تَجِبُ إلَّا عَنْ ذَنْبٍ تَقَدَّمَ، بِخِلَافِهِ الْفِدْيَةُ

وَالْفِدْيَةُ تَدْخُلُ فِي الصَّوْمِ لِلْعَاجِزِ عَنْهُ بِالْهَرَمِ وَالْمَرَضِ

Translation: Kaffarah is not imposed unless someone commit a sin, opposite to Fidyah. And Fidayah is imposed for (not) fasting by a person because of inability and sickness.

Reference Al Mansoor: Book # 3, Page # 21 Published in Kuwait

  • Please provide examples from the quran and sunnah why this is the case. – Kilise Jun 15 '17 at 14:20

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