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Both terms are used to express an expiation or ransom (based on the actual context).
See for example (2:85), (2:184) (in context of fast), (2:196) (in context of hajj), (2:229), (3:91), (5:36), (13:18), (37:17), (47:4), (57:15) and (7:11) where the qur'an quotes the term الفدية fidyah (in cases meaning both).

My question is what is the distinction between both Terms?

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  • Fidyah is expiation for the old and terminally sick people who cannot fast and Kaffarah is for those who broke their fast or don't fast for no valid reason. Jun 14 '17 at 14:36
  • @Armaan no that's why i rejected the tag wiki fidyah and kafarah are also at least issues in hajj, so they are not restricted on sawm/fasting.
    – Medi1Saif
    Jun 14 '17 at 17:13
  • What are you talking about? Jun 14 '17 at 17:28
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Fidyah is something which is paid/done because of leaving/missing some Religious Duty because of some sickness or disability.

While Kaffarah is something paid/done because a person leave/miss some religious duty willingly and by his own consent.

Imam Badr ud Deen Zarkashi said in his book Al Mansoor:

أَنَّ الْكَفَّارَةَ لَا تَجِبُ إلَّا عَنْ ذَنْبٍ تَقَدَّمَ، بِخِلَافِهِ الْفِدْيَةُ

وَالْفِدْيَةُ تَدْخُلُ فِي الصَّوْمِ لِلْعَاجِزِ عَنْهُ بِالْهَرَمِ وَالْمَرَضِ

Translation: Kaffarah is not imposed unless someone commit a sin, opposite to Fidyah. And Fidayah is imposed for (not) fasting by a person because of inability and sickness.

Reference Al Mansoor: Book # 3, Page # 21 Published in Kuwait

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  • Please provide examples from the quran and sunnah why this is the case.
    – Kilise
    Jun 15 '17 at 14:20

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