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In a comment to If someone is not distracted from Islam by music, is it still haram?, we have:

Music isn't haram par se based on the opinion of prominent scholars of the 4 madhabs and other modern scholars -- Medi1Saif

This makes me wonder who precisely Medi1Saif is talking about. This is at odds with the top answer to Is listening to Music Halal (permissible) or Haram (prohibited) in Islam? which says "...only an exceedingly small minority believe it to be permissible."

Question: Which prominent Sunni scholars say music is not haram?

  • I got a list of mujtahideen who deemed that music was permissible. Do you want that list in an answer? – Armaan May 27 '17 at 21:26
  • @Armaan: While it sounds interesting, it wasn't what I had in mind for this question (i.e., they're not really scholars). – Rebecca J. Stones May 27 '17 at 21:30
  • Al-Ghazaly is one of those and i've heard that imam Malik wanted to become a singer but his mother guided him by sending him to the course of Rabi'a. – Medi1Saif May 27 '17 at 21:30
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The following are some of the most prominent scholars in our history who, deemed music permissible:

  • Abdullah bin Ja’far bin Abi Talib (al-Aqd al-Fareed 6/12)

  • Sh. Abu Hamed al-Ghazali (vol. 6 pg. 1150 al-Ihyaa’)

  • Imam al-Shawkani (Ibtal da’wa al-Ijmaa ala mutlaq al-Sama’)

  • Imam ibn Hazm (Al-Muhallah)

  • Imam Abdul-Ghani al-Nablusi (Idaahat al-Dalalaat fee sama’ al-alaat)

  • Sultan al-Ulema al-Iz ibn Abdul-Salam (Rislat al-Sama’)

  • Al-Qadi Ibn Qutaiba al-Daynoor (al-Rukhsah fi al-Sama’)

  • Imam Ibn Tahir al-Qaysirany (pg. 31 al-Sama’)

  • Imam al-Thahabi (al-Rukhsah fil-Ghinaa wa al-Turb)

  • Abu Talib al-Makky (Qoot al-Quloob)

  • al-Qady Ibn Al-Araby al-Makky (Ahkam al-Quran vol. 3 pg. 1494)

  • Sh. Yusuf al-Majishoon the prominent Muhaddith (#3399 ibn al-Khuthayma)

  • Ibn Daqeeq al-Eid (Iqtinas al-Sawanih)

  • Sh. Jad Ali jad al-Haqq (fatawah #3280)

  • Sh. Mahmood Al-Shaltoot (pg. 375 fatawaah)

Note: This is what I found so far so there might be more scholars which I will add later. Feel free to edit and add more scholars.

  • 3
    Please clarify the source of the list. I know that some of the list is accurate, e.g., Dr. Shaltoot through a one-on-one discussion. But I am not too sure about the entire list. Al-Rukhsah Fil-Ghinaa' Wa Al-Tarab by Al-Dhahabi (not his book — an abridged version of Al-Imta' Bi Ahkam Al-Sama' by Ibn Taghlib) does not address music, but discusses poetry without instruments. Al-Shawkani in Ibtal Da'wa Al-Ijmaa' did not say music was permitted; rather, he posed the different views to say there was no ijmaa', and he separated the topics of instruments vs. poetry. – III-AK-III May 27 '17 at 22:40
  • Do any of them make a distinction with regard to kind of music? It seems like the hand drum (daff) is allowed by a lot more, as is unaccompanied singing, than e.g. string or wind instruments or singing plus instruments. – G. Bach May 28 '17 at 8:40
  • @G.Bach — Yes, they do, and this includes hand drums as well as string or wind instruments. – III-AK-III May 28 '17 at 9:53
  • @Armaan — Thank you for the link. After reading the article, unfortunately, it did not quote or provide clear reference to where the listed scholars discussed the matter, or declared their opinion. – III-AK-III May 28 '17 at 10:09

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