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As per hadith of Bukhari it is mentioned prophet will enter Allah's house on the day of judgement. Does Allah have a house?

Qatada said: I heard Anas saying that), the Prophet (ﷺ) said, "I will go out and take them out of Hell (Fire) and let them enter Paradise, and then I will return and ask my Lord for permission to enter His House and I will be permitted.

Narrated in Saheeh Bukhari 7440

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In the hadith you quoted, the word "house" is a reference to Jannah and associated places of intercession, not to a physical house for Allah.

In Fat'h Al-Bari (Arabic: فتح الباري شرح صحيح البخاري) by Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani (Arabic: أحمد بن علي بن حجر العسقلاني), the commentary on this hadith explains this phrase:

وقوله « فأستأذن على ربي في داره فيؤذن لي عليه » قال الخطابي هذا يوهم المكان والله منزه عن ذلك، وإنما معناه في داره الذي اتخذها لأوليائه وهي الجنة وهي دار السلام، وأضيفت إليه إضافة تشريف مثل بيت الله وحرم الله

— NOTE: My own translation, so treat with care:

And his saying [in Sahih al-Bukhari » Book of Oneness » Hadith 7440]: "and I will ask my Lord's permission to enter His House and then I will be permitted", Al-Khattabi said this may insinuate a place, and Allah is exalted from that. Rather, this means a house that Allah has ordained for his guardians, namely Jannah, which is the house of peace. The attribution to Allah is a form of honoring the place, as in the case of calling [Al-Ka'aba] the house of Allah, or the sanctity of Allah.

This is a common phrase in the Arabic language — as well as other languages — to elevate the stance of a place. Calling Al-Ka'aba the House of Allah does not refer to it as a physical lodging anymore than Christians calling a church the House of God. This is also demonstrated in multiple verses in the Qur'an:

وَاللَّهُ يَدْعُو إِلَىٰ دَارِ السَّلَامِ وَيَهْدِي مَن يَشَاءُ إِلَىٰ صِرَاطٍ مُّسْتَقِيمٍ

And Allah invites to the Home of Peace and guides whom He wills to a straight path

Qur'an 10:25

Similarly, Al-An'am 6:127 and Fussilat 41:28 use the word house in a similar fashion. Ibn Al-Qayyim and 'Abdul-Haq Al-Eshbeeli said that the reference in this hadith is to the places of shafa'ah (intercession) — Refer to Ijtima' Al-Juyush Al-Islamiyyah (Arabic: اجتماع الجيوش الإسلامية ) and Ma'arij Al- Qubool (Arabic: معارج القبول بشرح سلم الوصول إلى علم الأصول )

Having said that, from a hadith perspective, this particular phrase of "and I will ask my Lord's permission to enter His House" was narrated only through the chain of Hammam Ibn Yahya (Arabic: همام بن يحيى) as per Ibn Hajar in the commentary linked above. In Sahih Al-Bukhari, this hadith was also narrated through three different chains (Hisham through Qatada in Sahih al-Bukhari » Book of Oneness » Hadith 7410 and Sahih al-Bukhari » Prophetic Commentary on the Qur'an » Hadith 4476, Abu-'Uwana through Qatada in Sahih al-Bukhari » Book of To make the Heart Tender » Hadith 6565, and through Ma'bad bin Hilal Al-'Anzi in Sahih al-Bukhari » Book of Oneness » Hadith 7510) that do not have the phrase "and I will ask my Lord's permission to enter His House".

In other books of hadith (Sahih Muslim » The Book of Faith » Hadith 193 a, Sunan Ibn Majah » Zuhd » Hadith 4454, and Jami' at-Tirmidhi » Chapters on Tafsir » Hadith 3441, among others), said phrase is also missing from the verse of the hadith.

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  • Thanks, may Allah reward you for your efforts,Is fath ul bari available in English? – user22565 May 26 '17 at 10:49
  • There are some volumes of Fat'h Al-Bari in English (see here), but I have not come across a complete translation. – III-AK-III May 26 '17 at 11:00

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