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How do you combine salah?

For example, if you are combining Maghrib and Isha, do you pray the fard of Maghrib, the Sunnah of maghrib and then pray fard of Isha, Sunnah of Isha and Witr of Isha?

The question is in relation to 'Is joining Maghrib and Isha salah together everyday for 2 months allowed?' as I need to know how to combine prayer and I never combined prayer before.

  • ASAP answer: The Fard rakahs are offered in succession, without the Sunnah and Nawafil etc. islamweb.net/emainpage/… and islamweb.net/emainpage/… – UmH May 22 '17 at 15:32
  • So would you pray 3 fard for Maghrib then 4 fard for Isha, so when do you pray the Sunnah and the Witr? – Armaan May 22 '17 at 15:37
  • The second link seems to say you can do it after all the fard are completed. – UmH May 22 '17 at 15:38
  • @Uma In which order though? Would you pray 2 Sunnah for Maghrib then 2 Sunnah for Isha and then 3 witr for Isha? – Armaan May 22 '17 at 15:40
  • I don't think that matters, maybe preferable to keep the natural ordering for surety (Maghrib then Isha). The only conditions that I can find are that there shouldn't be a gap between the two fards when the prayers are combined at the time of the first one. For additional reference see this – UmH May 22 '17 at 15:53
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I am not sure if the word "combine" is related to "Collection and concatenation" (Gama' and Kasr) جمع و قصر for the prayers.

so let's first explain what is collection and concatenation of prayers. it means that in some circumstances you are allowed to pray the four rakaa' prayers like Zuhr, Asr and Isha' in a short version of 2 prayer however it should be concatenated to another prayer.

for example you can pray Zuhr (2 rakaa') followed by Asr (2 rakaa') at the time of either one of them.

and you can pray Maghrib (3 rakaa') followed by Ishaa (2 rakaa') at the time of either one of them.

when combining two prayers you shouldn't leave long period between two of them, as once you finish the prayer of the first one (Zuhr or Maghrib) start the Ikama call of the proceeding prayer (Maghrib or Ishaa).

When to combine prayers? During travel. to define traveling it means you travel for something that doesn't contradict with Islam so the travel can't be for the sake of doing something against Islam. the travel period should be equal to 3 days walking. (no matter how fast the modern method of transportation) a distance of 80 km is considered a travel so if you are traveling for a trip that is more that 80 km, you are allowed to combine prayers during the travel.

you actually combine prayer during the travel, not before you travel and after you reach your destination place you can still combine prayer for 3 more days.

in case you pray in group gamaa' you will not combine the prayer and pray as the residents.

in case you mean to combine that for any reason you missed a prayer and the proceeding prayer time has come. you do pray the one on-time then do the one you missed after it not before. for example if you missed the Maghrib prayer and Ishaa azan has raised you do pray Ishaa first then Maghrib.

  • You can combine your salah anytime and not just in travelling and in travelling you shorten it while if you combine it normally, you don't shorten it. – Armaan May 23 '17 at 7:07
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There are several different opinions on the matter. Another opinion besides the one offered is to pray 3 rakaa for maghrib then pray 2 rakaa for Isha. There are also different opinions that come with the length of time that you can combine, 2 weeks being one opinion for someone who knows exactly how long they will stay away.

  • Qasr Jamah is different than Jamah. – Abu AbdulQayyum May 23 '17 at 1:02
  • It's an opinion within jami3 – Mohamed Ahmad May 23 '17 at 1:06

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