Punishment under sharia law for theft is amputation of hands:
[As for] the thief, the male and the female, amputate their hands in recompense for what they committed as a deterrent [punishment] from Allah . And Allah is Exalted in Might and Wise. -- Qur'an 5:38
This would be a painful experience without anaesthetic.
Question: Can amputation of hands as sharia punishment for theft be performed under anaesthetic?
My impression from an Arab News article is that it's performed publicly (as a deterrent) and without anaesthetic in Saudi Arabia:
Sometimes it can be amputation of hands and legs. “I use a special sharp knife, not a sword,” he explains. “When I cut off a hand I cut it from the joint. If it is a leg the authorities specify where it is to be taken off, so I follow that.”
However, from reading Indonesian news, I learned that sharia punishment should be implemented with "love and compassion".
A. Mustofa Bisri, the spiritual leader of the group, told the New York Times. "According to the Sunni view of Islam, every aspect and expression of religion should be imbued with love and compassion, and foster the perfection of human nature.“ -- Mic
This suggests that amputation for theft could be performed under anaesthetic out of compassion.