we are a muslim family,recently we have a family issue concerning marriage.My younger brother wants to marry the grand daughter of my elder sister. we are all from the same mum and dad. Most of the family do not agree,we think its haram,please help.

  • You mean that he wants to marry his own sisters daughters daughter?
    – Kilise
    May 3, 2017 at 14:12

1 Answer 1


Quran says:

Quran 4:23 Prohibited to you [for marriage] are your mothers, your daughters, your sisters, your father's sisters, your mother's sisters, your brother's daughters, your sister's daughters, your [milk] mothers who nursed you, your sisters through nursing, your wives' mothers, and your step-daughters under your guardianship [born] of your wives unto whom you have gone in. But if you have not gone in unto them, there is no sin upon you. And [also prohibited are] the wives of your sons who are from your [own] loins, and that you take [in marriage] two sisters simultaneously, except for what has already occurred. Indeed, Allah is ever Forgiving and Merciful.

The "daughters" here means any descendant of a sister.

From Tafsir Al-Qurtubi:

وبنت الأخ ٱسم لكل أُنثى لأخيك عليها ولادة بواسطة أو مباشرة؛ وكذلك بنت الأُخت

banatu alakhi (brother's daughters) is the name for every female of whom your brother is an ancestor, and the same is for banatu alokhti (sister's daughters)

From Ahkamul Quran by Abu Bakr Al-Jassas

وبناتكم قد يتناول بنات الأولاد وإن سفلن لأن الاسم يتناولهن كما يتناول اسم الآباء الأجداد

"Daughters" includes grand-daughters, no matter how much lower they are in the line of descent, that is because the name includes them just as "fathers" includes all ascendants.

وقد عقل من قوله تعالى : وبنات الأخ وبنات الأخت من سفل منهن كما عقل من قوله تعالى : أمهاتكم من علا منهن ومن قوله تعالى : وبناتكم من سفل منهن

From God's saying: "your brother's daughters and your sister's daughters " it is understood that those women are also included who are lower in the line of descent, just like "mothers" includes those women who are above them. The same is applicable to "daughters" it includes those who are lower than them.

This means that any grand-niece, at any level, is a mahram, and marriage is prohibited with them.

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