A controversial answer to Does Islam teach subjugation and inequality of women, or is that due to a wrong interpretation of the religion? states:
... the husband can determine where she lives, whether she can leave the house or take up a job, demand sex and she has to oblige ... -- G. Bach
and a follow-up comment says
... I'm not aware of any substantial gender-specific enforceable rights that women have over men. I see no reason to include exhortations and unenforceable recommendations ...
Assuming I've combined these claims correctly, they imply the claim that a man has an enforceable right to his wife not leaving the house without his permission. I.e., it's not merely that "she should not leave the house without his permission", but there are worldly consequences if she does so. I want to check this specific claim.
Question: Does a man have an enforceable right to his wife not leaving the house without his permission?
If she goes out without his permission then she is sinful but we are not aware of any specific punishment for this; for more benefit, please refer to Fatwa 83157.
This does not support the claim. Despite this, I speculate there might be some scholars who hold an opinion of punishment (possibly in Saudi Arabia, where gendered segregation is widespread). I'm wondering (a) if there are other fatawa which instead support the claim, or, (b) if the claim is indisputably false, seek multiple consistent fatawa to refute the claim.