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Any our of our (Muslim) activities are referenced to Prophet's SAWW sunnah and Quran. I am curious to find out, How Modern technology is supported or discouraged in Islam, because it cannot be linked to prophet saww era directly.

This question came out in a discussion with my friend, whose main argument was that Islam is changing with modern technologies, by allowing them to use.

I argued by the comment that Islam is the same, it tests and then approves/disapproves these technologies by comparing them to basic Islamic Principles.

I could not find any support to my argument. I would like an appropriate answer with reference.

  • It matters if the new technology is good or bad for you. – Armaan Mar 13 '17 at 7:56
  • Exactly @Armaan. What are the islamic procedures that figure out that it is good or bad? – Seeker Mar 13 '17 at 8:04
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    If it goes against Quran and Sunnah, it is bad and if it doesn't, it would be allowed. – Armaan Mar 13 '17 at 16:27
  • I suppose it is not simple as that, Does a Printer goes against Quran and Sunnah, because it was banned in Turkey, when firstly invented, look here: dailysabah.com/feature/2015/06/08/… Modern Technologies include a million things that does not go along or against Quran directly. – Seeker Mar 13 '17 at 16:46
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Basically, there is no set or defined rules to identify any newly introduced thing as Halal or Haram (which is not specifically mention in the Quran and Hadith). Otherwise, anyone can become Mufti and publish his own Fatwah.

Every Mufti judges on their own study, understanding, their effect in the society, cultural behaviors, long-run effects in the society, practical effects observed on the next generations. This is why we see different Fiqqah's in Islam. Otherwise, there were only one Fiqah.

This is same like, if you pass LLB Degree and you can become a lawyer. But you are not a Judge. You spend a time in practice then if you get appointed in Session Court then you become a Judge. But still, you are not final Judge to declare decision. Public can take or challance your decision to High Court and even to Supreme Court. Every Judge has different skill & experience level and angle of observation. Same applies to Islamic Mufti.

If you see, each Mufti/Scholar may have different educated opinion and recommendations on a matter.

A fatwā is an Islamic legal pronouncement, issued by an expert in religious law (mufti) where Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh), is unclear.

We might compare a fatwā to the legal ruling of a high court or the Supreme Court, depending on the authority of the mufti behind it. However, a fatwā is not binding as is the verdict of the secular courts; while correct and applicable to all members of the Muslim faith, the fatwā is optional for the individual to respect or not.

It is not allowed for anyone to give a Shari¿ah explanation (fatwā), except one

  • who knows the Holy Qur’ān completely including what verses are abrogated and by which verses they were abrogated, and which verses resemble each other in the Qur’ān and whether a chapter was revealed in Makkah or Madina.

  • He must know the entire corpus of the Hadith of the Prophet (s), both those which are authentic and those which are false. He must know the Arabic language of the time of the Prophet (s) with its grammar and eloquence as well as know the poetry of the Arabs.

  • Additionally, he must know the culture of the various peoples who live in each different nation of the community. If a person has all such attributes combined in himself, he may speak on what is permitted (ħalāl) and what is forbidden (ħarām). Otherwise he has no right to issue a fatwā.

It often happens that different Islamic clerics issue contradictory, or competing, fatwās. This divergence of opinion is not considered an issue in Islam; in fact, a well-known saying states that such differences among scholars are God’s mercy, for they allow for different conditions and temperaments among people.

Also, the luxurious cars fatwa reference is addressed to only clergy and clergy students as mentioned here: http://english.khamenei.ir/news/4633/It-is-haram-for-the-clergy-to-use-luxury-cars-Ayatollah-Khamenei

Here is another version of Fatwa and declared luxury life as Haram (which you can follow or unfollow on some bases): http://www.khilafah.com/is-it-forbidden-to-live-a-luxurious-life-in-islam/

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    I am very thankful for the time you spent on this spectacular answer, But i am expecting an answer with references, that would show that how Mufti's(sunni) and Mujahedeen(shia) sort out a technology Halal or Haram. Recently Syed Ali Khamenei(Supreme leader of Iran) stated luxurious cars as Haram. I am interested to know, the stepwise procedure that leads technology permissible or non permissible, and please edit your answer with little less and to the point information, regards – Seeker Mar 13 '17 at 8:49
  • I don't see how this answers the question. – G. Bach Mar 13 '17 at 10:34
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    Have updated my question by adding a conclusion at the end. Also, the luxurious cars fatwa reference is addressed to only clergy and clergy students. english.khamenei.ir/news/4633/… Here is another version of Fatwa and declared luxury life as Haram (which you can follow or unfollow on some bases): khilafah.com/is-it-forbidden-to-live-a-luxurious-life-in-islam – Muhammad Hannan Mar 13 '17 at 12:32
  • +1 for remarkable conclusion, just try adding some reference to your conclusion as the answer lies with-in. I suppose an edit with only conclusion part as answer. Also try adding the references, you mentioned in comments, in you your post. – Seeker Mar 14 '17 at 4:23
  • I have updated my answer. – Muhammad Hannan Mar 14 '17 at 13:10
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Guys modern technology is permissible until and unless it does not violate the principles of Quran and Sunnah. However, for your seeking answer, it may be allowed by ijma that is a consensus of legal opinion of Islamic Jurist as a secondary source of Islamic law. Furthermore, if a new situation or case arise in Muslim community in modern world ijma, ijtihad and Masali Mursala (Extended Analogy) and other secondary sources of Islamic law can be used as an authentic source to permit new technology in Islam.

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Islam allow inovation and technology but in one case if the the technology follow islamic rules else islam can't allow those technology which is against islam because the first chemist is a muslim and the first doctor is a muslim

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