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What is Kalam according to Islam? I have already checked the Wikipedia entry about it but it is still vague to me. Please explain this concept with examples.

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    Please add the context about Kalam. What do you think Kalam is without islam, because it's definition may vary from place to place. We think kalam is a written essay or poem by great philosophers or leaders. It would be helpful to add the context about kalam? – Seeker Mar 2 '17 at 8:38
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    I guess you refer to 'ilm al-Kalam... – Medi1Saif Mar 3 '17 at 6:51
  • I think this is the best explanation; "هو علم إقامة الأدلة على صحة العقائد الإيمانية، فقد عرف علماء الكلام ذلك العلم بأنه: علم يُقْتَدر به على إثبات العقائد الدينية مُكْتَسَبة من أدلتها اليقينية: القرآن والسنة الصحيحة لإقامة الحجج والبراهين العقلية والنقلية ورد الشبهات عن الإسلام" – Kilise Apr 21 '17 at 21:17
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'Ilm al-kalam as one of the Islamic sciences, discusses the fundamental Islamic beliefs (Allah is One, Prophethood etc.) and doctrines which are necessary for a Muslim to believe in. It explains them, argues about them, and defends them.

Ilm al-kalam is the study of Islamic doctrines and beliefs. In the past, it was also called "usul al-Din" or "'Ilm al-tawhid wa al-sifat".

Divine Justice, predestination, free will, Prophet hood, Divine Attributes are some subjects of Kalam. Islamic Philosophy and Kalam are very much intertwined.

The linked article gives an overview about Ilm al-kalam, its history and development mainly from a Shia perspective, but explains the view of other schools of thought as well.

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