This question is motivated by the snippet:

The more miscellaneous expressions of unbelief may be illustrated by the following examples: ... to pay respect to a non-moslem ... -- page 4 of Peters and De Vries, Apostasy in Islam, Die Welt des Islams, New Series (17) 1976/77.

There were no references for this claim given in their paper.

Question: What does "to pay respect to a non-moslem" mean, and does it express unbelief?

  • 1
    I now downloaded some volumes of the hanafi book (Majma' al-abhor ...) from which this quote might be taken I found a chapter on apostasy in vol. 2 I don't know whether or not I'll have time to check the statement their, but I hope to find it and be able to give some comment or answer. If anybody can or is willing to help I found it here feqhbook.com/…
    – Medi1Saif
    Feb 8, 2017 at 9:50
  • Well the statement from Majma' al-Abhor is quoting at least 5 topics/subjects (which are considered a declaration of apostasy) the paper only 4 of them. One could find them between the pages 504-514 in the 2nd volume of the site I've quoted, I didn't find that statement yet, but many statements that made me wonder if I'm still a Muslim ;) It is a classical book: Apparently a summary (Persian/Turkish?) with a comment (Arabic) and a comment of the comment (Arabic).
    – Medi1Saif
    Feb 8, 2017 at 10:24
  • "The more miscellaneous expressions of unbelief may be illustrated" what does that mean? I don't understand its English...
    – Thaqalain
    Feb 8, 2017 at 14:25
  • 1
    The authors use a categorization of actions which amount to unbelief: (a) relating to Allah, (b) relating to prophets and angels, (c) relating to the Koran, etc., (d) relating to science. The rest, including the one above, were classed as "miscellaneous". Feb 8, 2017 at 14:46

1 Answer 1


Without seeing more it's hard to say what the author meant. Also I'm not sure if he means:

  • respect to a non-Muslim (as a person)
  • respect to a non-Muslim's action

If he means action, well if it's a good action then it deserves praise regardless of who's doing it, Muslim or not.

If it's about a non-Muslim person:

About people of the book:

Indeed, those who believed and those who were Jews or Christians or Sabeans [before Prophet Muhammad] - those [among them] who believed in Allah and the Last Day and did righteousness - will have their reward with their Lord, and no fear will there be concerning them, nor will they grieve. Baqara : 62

About respect to others (atheists or non-Abrahamic follower, not that they are the same, but...)

Allah does not forbid you from those who do not fight you because of religion and do not expel you from your homes - from being righteous toward them and acting justly toward them. Indeed, Allah loves those who act justly.Mumtahana 8

So we are encouraged to be righteous towards and acting kind towards anyone who doesn't fight against us in religion & expels us from our homes.

For those who expel us from our lands, it's obvious. The tricky part is for those who fight us in religion, like people who mock us praying, mock us having hijab, mock us who believe in God...for those people we are encouraged to socialize differently. Not that we should show them injustice or oppress them, but the level of kindness should certainly be different from some other atheist who just minds his own business and greets us, socializes with us and doesn't mock us.

In addition we have also been discouraged to take any non-Muslim as a guider.

They wish you would disbelieve as they disbelieved so you would be alike. So do not take from among them allies masters (one who you listen to as having more authority) until they emigrate for the cause of Allah . But if they turn away, then seize them and kill them wherever you find them and take not from among them any ally or helper.Nisa' 89

As for the violence of the verse. Please my answer here. Basically it applied to very specific people who were peace breaking killers

so basically we are to dislike, those who expel us from our land, mock fight us in religion and not to take them as our guiders/masters.


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