In Bangladesh generally hanafi madhab is followed.So call for Asr prayer is given which it is twice length shadow plus shadow at its zawal time.I read in a residential institution.Suppose time for Asr starting time is 3.10pm according to Shafii and 3.55pm according to Hanafi madhhab.The time for sunset is 5.35pm.But I have no scope to perform salat from 3.25pm to 4.40 pm.So which thing is best for me?Is it to perform salat before the call for Asr prayer at 4.00 pm as in Islam it is told not to delay in Islam or it is better to perform salat after 4.40pm as Adhan(call for prayer) is needed for prayer.Please give proof to your answer basing on hadith.
i think you have these options to select from:
- pray after 4.40 because there is a hadith: https://sunnah.com/bukhari/9/55
Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "Whoever could get one rak'a (of the Fajr prayer) before sunrise, he has got the (morning) prayer and whoever could get one rak'a of the 'Asr prayer before sunset, he has got the ('Asr) prayer."
- pray before 3.25 but after 3.10, because, as i know, 1 length shadow is also accepted in hanafi mazhab: proof: http://islamqa.org/hanafi/qibla-hanafi/34498
However, the one shadow-length opinion, which is the position of Abu Hanifa’s main students, Abu Yusuf and Muhammad ibn al-Hasan, was also chosen by major Hanafi imams, as mentioned by al-Haskafi in Durr al-Mukhtar and by al-Shurunbulali in Maraqi al-Falah.
moreover, i think, one length version, which is accepted by majority of hanafi scholars, seems is error, because i have not seen any hadith that says that. >after half an hour: i have found now though it does not clearly say that 2 shadows is asr time's start. < for example, see this site: http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/index.php?page=showfatwa&Option=FatwaId&Id=92052 : and the hadith which they show as evidence for that position in fact says its time is from 1 length to 2 lengths!
- pray before 3.10, from zuhr time, which is nearly in 12:10, because it is not said in the hadithes "plus shadow at its zawal time". i have asked about this here. one length means 45 degrees of sun above 0 degree horizon line, and as i see in stellarium, even at zenith sun is under or nearly at 45 degrees.