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I was wondering what the language of Adam was? (What was the language that he used to speak with?)

I searched to some extent (in the internet), I found two related Farsi (Persian) sites which I deem them as valid sites, but there seems to be several probable issues about the accurate answer, including:

1: It is remarked that Allah taught Adam all languages.

2: It is said that old Syriac language, namely the mother of Sami and Arabic was his language.

3: It can be feasible that he was talking in Arabic, since the language of Paradise seems to be Arabic.

4: Adam was talked in Arabic, but his language changed into Syriac after committing the sin and coming to the earth.

I wonder which answer/theory can be more accurate?

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    Considering how much language evolves, I would be surprised if it was Syriac or Arabic. – Student Oct 28 '16 at 15:56
  • I think so, Factually, I assume the fourth items can be true too which can make you surprised! – اللهم صل علی محمد و آل محمد Oct 29 '16 at 13:21
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    Let me call him and I will provide his answer here. – ML2 Jul 25 '17 at 16:15
  • Do you think you could add some references in Arabic or English? – Kilise Jul 25 '17 at 23:42
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Honestly, I don't think anybody here can answer that question.

I'll try to make some comments around why I think so. I'll start with your points;

3: It can be feasible that he was talking in Arabic, since the language of Paradise seems to be Arabic.

This statement seems to be based on a logical fallacy. The deduction is from the statement "Language of paradise is Arabic", Adam was in Paradise, therefore Adam spoke in Arabic. The fallacy here would be that, just because the language of Paradise is (or will be) Arabic, does not mean Adam spoke Arabic. The statement is also based on that the language of Paradise is Arabic, which also has been argued against. See your question: What is the language of the Paradise?


4: Adam was talked in Arabic, but his language changed into Syriac after committing the sin and coming to the earth.

I am not sure how "Adam was talking in Arabic" was deducted, but I'd guess the same way as in point 3, which i mentioned above. I'd say the same of your second point about old Syriac, but I'll try to add more about point 2 later.


1: It is remarked that Allah taught Adam all languages.

I actually believe this is based on some misinterpretation of the verse in Surat al-Baqara, verse 31:

وَعَلَّمَ آدَمَ الْأَسْمَاءَ كُلَّهَا ثُمَّ عَرَضَهُمْ عَلَى الْمَلَائِكَةِ فَقَالَ أَنبِئُونِي بِأَسْمَاءِ هَٰؤُلَاءِ إِن كُنتُمْ صَادِقِينَ

And He taught Adam all the names, then showed them to the angels, saying: Inform Me of the names of these, if ye are truthful.

Muhammed Asad mentions in his comment about this verse:

Lit., "all the names". The term ism ("name") implies, according to all philologists, an expression "conveying the knowledge [of a thing] ... applied to denote a substance or an accident or an attribute, for the purpose of distinction" (Lane IV, 1435): in philosophical terminology, a "concept". From this it may legitimately be inferred that the "knowledge of all the names" denotes here man's faculty of logical definition and, thus, of conceptual thinking. That by "Adam" the whole human race is meant here becomes obvious from the preceding reference, by the angels, to "such as will spread corruption on earth and will shed blood", as well as from 7:11 .(Quran Ref: 2:31 )

Many mufassiron (see Tabari and Ibn Kathir for instance), mentions that asmaa' (all names) here means the names of the Angels, or names of animals and trees and such, or names of how to praise God. Anyhow, the language of the "names" is not mentioned.


These are my comments around your points, yet the conclusion is that we still don't know which language he spoke. To make a guess, we first need a point of reference when Adam lived.

Another reason that the language of Adam couldn't be Arabic (or Quranic Arabic) is that it wasn't developed that long time ago, according to linguists.

Conclusion

We do not know what the language of Adam was.

  • Yes, to some/much extent I concur with you, but I inquired it, hopefully someone submits a direct authentic hadith about it. Otherwise, you right, and the mentioned items seem to be submited based on undirect/interpretation/guess according to some available info. Jazak-Allah-Khaira for pretty detailed response. – اللهم صل علی محمد و آل محمد Jul 26 '17 at 6:39
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Adam used to speak Sanskrit because the word "Adam" is from Sanskrit and "Admi" is used to indicate people in India even today, which means the children of Adam.

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    Welcome to Islam SE the Q&A site about Islam. We are not a typical an internet forum. Therefore we expect answers to be well elaborated, see "how to answer" for more information. I strongly recommend you to take our 2 min. tour and visit our help center to learn more about this site and the stack exchange model. – Kilise Jul 17 '17 at 15:41
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    @user23479 Sanskrit is not so old as a language, it evolves from Devnagari. So how it could be the language of the 1st man? Please do some research before comment or answer. – Santanu Debnath Jul 26 '17 at 4:15
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Adam spoke a telepathic language. Because he was directly talking to god and also different animals. So unless the serpent spoke perfect hebrew or Adam learned "serpentanto", it was based on transferring ideas rather than vocalization.

  • What's up? Something illogical in the anwser? – Ondra Žižka Jul 17 '17 at 20:27
  • Answers should be supported by references. – UmH Jul 18 '17 at 4:49
  • I support this hypothesis because when the evil son of adam tried to kill his brother he said ' i knew you were plotting to kill me but you should know that you are going to hell" , there is no sign of lying insinuated from interpretations acquired in that time and telepathy does not go along with hypocrisy. – Abr001am Jul 25 '17 at 17:30
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There was a language but not language of words its something higher for example you know telepati some sort of talking by watching in the eye or something like that. so god doesn't need to talk with words when he can directly tell you what to do and what not to do why should he say a word i think this is the language of Adam too.

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    What is your source that Adam used telepathy? And how did Adam respond to the angels with the names of the things Allah asked them about? – III-AK-III Oct 25 '16 at 1:17
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    i didnt say adam talks with telepati – Mohammad Reza Majid Pour Oct 25 '16 at 6:32
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    i saad its something higher than all of this u know the prophet noha god talked with him when he was seeing dreams in his sleep. – Mohammad Reza Majid Pour Oct 25 '16 at 6:35
  • i sad for example... – Mohammad Reza Majid Pour Oct 25 '16 at 6:36
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    Sources and grammar would both be appreciated... – Student Oct 28 '16 at 15:55

protected by Medi1Saif Apr 10 '18 at 9:02

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