It was narrated from Mu'awiyah bin Jahimah As-Sulami, that Jahimah came to the Prophet (ﷺ) and said: "O Messenger of Allah! I want to go out and fight (in Jihad) and I have come to ask your advice." He said: "Do you have a mother?" He said: "Yes." He said: "Then stay with her, for Paradise is beneath her feet."

Grade : Sahih (Darussalam)
Reference : Sunan an-Nasa'i 3104 In-book reference : Book 25, Hadith 20 English translation : Vol. 1, Book 25, Hadith 3106

Is this hadith not considered shirk meaning paradise lies beneath someones feet and not with Allah swt grace and mercy the only way for our salvation?

Does this hadith have some weakness?

2 Answers 2


First I'd like to point at one fact and appeal for a logical approach to understand this hadith. The sahabi to whom the Muhammad told "Paradise is beneath her (or your mothers) feet." wanted to go out and fight in jihad, seeking paradise in case that he might be killed (as many quotes of the Quran would evidence).

So our Prophet understood this and told him that looking after your mother, caring for her, respecting her and staying at her side and in charge for her has the same value -by Allah- as if you went out for jihad and died.

Without checking a hadith commentary I would even assume that this young man was his mothers only son, or the one who was in charge for his mother or family. As this was often a reason for our Prophet to reject young men to go out to fight.

On the whole the hadith doesn't say that it is his mother who will let him enter paradise, but his good deeds (if Allah accepted them as such): in this case treating his mother well or behaving like a good son should do.

From the commentary book merqaat al-mafateh sharh meshkat al-masaabeh مرقاة المفاتيح شرح مشكاة المصابيح of Mulla 'Ali al-Qari (as neither as-Sindi nor as-Suyuti in there commentaries on sunan an-Nasa'i added any explanation to this specific hadith) you may find the following explanation:
"beside her feet" means staying beside her to look after her because the Paradise is beside her feet, as she would be a reason for letting you enter it. At-Tibi added "beside her feet" is an allegory to express the highest abidance غاية الخضوع and the "maximum" of humiliation نهاية التذلل towards your mother (as one of your parents) as asked by Allah in (17:24). He also added maybe our Prophet knew the situation with this young man or with his mother and deduced that it is the best that he stay beside his mother.

There are other narrations of this hadith like this in sunan ibn Majah and an other narrated by at-Tabarni.

Note that statement "Paradise lies beneath the mothers feet" is considered as weak or fabricated.

Take also a look at these fatwas in Arabic:

From islamqa, islamweb 118550 and islamweb 19310.

  • Thank you for your answer. If you can I would greatly appreciate the commentary on this hadith, seeing as you said this boy was the maybe the mothers only son etc. I would like to know if this was the case.
    – ahmed
    Commented Oct 6, 2016 at 17:17

The hadith doesn't talk about a mother having the power to grant someone jannah; its meaning is that pleasing your mother is highly desired behavior, and god will reward it greatly.

I know nothing about the status of the hadith.

Shirk means associating something/someone with god; I do not know how this hadith would be interpreted in a way to make it look like that's what it says.

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