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If a Muslim wasn't used to pray and then he started and never left a prayer, does he need to pray all prayers he has previously left or Allah (Subhanahu wa Ta'ala) will forgive him?

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According to the majority of scholars, no, he does not need to make them up. This is because none of the companions, tabi'een, etc. ever made them up; there is no explicit ayah of Qur'an, or hadith of rasulullah (peace be upon him) telling us to make up prayers we missed.

In fact, this is a serious issue to consider: A missed prayer cannot be made up, ever. It's missed. Forever. You can see this fatwa on Islam-QA as one reference.

As mentioned in @AlUmmat's answer, he should make tawbah (sincere repentance) for what he did wrong, and move forward by praying on time, every time.

If the issue is someone accidentally skipping a prayer, such as if they set their alarms for Fajr (early morning) prayers and slept through, then the scholars mention that they must make it up as soon as they remember (i.e. wake up enough to realize they missed it). This is from the hadith:

Allah's Messenger said: "Whoever forgets a Salat then he is to pray it when he remembers it." (Sahih) Recorded in At-Tirmidhi

  • what about qaza-e-umri? maloom and ghair maloom qaza ? – Junaid Jun 19 '12 at 21:14
  • I'm not sure what you're talking about. If you mean "intentionally skipping a prayer and praying later," that's already qualified under my answer. Please clarify. – ashes999 Jun 19 '12 at 21:19
  • the question says: If a Muslim used not to pray and after a while he ... it simply means it was obligatory on him and he didn't offered right? intentionally or unintentionally is not a case.. one would be asked about his salat from the day it was obligatory on him – Junaid Jun 19 '12 at 21:25
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    It would be good to improve the answer by given references (e.g. fatwas given by Islamic scholars). – Kaveh Jun 20 '12 at 2:09
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    link – Junaid Jun 20 '12 at 8:06
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I know it's a quite old question, but in order to help new search:

The position of the 4 Sunni schools is that one must make up these prayers link, while there is a minority position, mostly with the Salafis, that one does not have to make them up link.

First, as everyone said it, you must first do a sincere tawabah. Indeed Allah will incha'Allah forgive... But remember that no one is sure that his tawbah is sincere enough, and remember that Allah has said in the Quran (15:49) "Tell My servants that I - I alone - am truly forgiving, a true dispenser of grace;" and just after (15:50) "and [also,] that the suffering which I shall impose [on sinners] will indeed be a suffering most grievous."

نَبِّىءْ عِبَادِي أَنِّي أَنَا الْغَفُورُ الرَّحِيمُ

وَ أَنَّ عَذَابِي هُوَ الْعَذَابُ الأَلِيمَ

Scholars interpret tawbah (repentance) to do all of the following:

  1. immediate renunciation of the sin
  2. firm intention and determination to not return to the sin ever again,
  3. regret over having committed a sin
  4. compensate for it if the sin was against the rights of another human being (steal something, swear at someone, brake something... Huququl 'ibaad = right of Allah's servant)

One of mark of sincere repentance should not be to try to compensate Huququllah (right of Allah) ? This is why I will suggest you to make up as many days of missed prayers as you can each day. Go at a pace that you can sustain. There's no need to "Qaza Umri" in a few days as it will discourage you (as stated in another answer). You should rather be consistent/steady on a small amount, even one prayer qaza by day.

Another good way to do it is to make up some prayers before you start each prayer for that day.

For more information, i will suggest you to have a look to:

Note: you have to replace missed salah since you became muslim (if you convert to islam) or since bulugh.

  • Salat is obligatory on every Adult Muslim and if he ever misses Salat, Unintentionally, then he has to Repeat that. Allah is Merciful in a way that he Provided the servants, a way to offer the missed prayers. For all Muslims who want to keep up with Missed Salats, i have seen a great App that is beneficial to calculate Missed Salats and have a Catch up Plan for Recovering Kaza Salat. play.google.com/store/apps/… – HardCode Apr 23 at 12:44
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In fact a missed prayer cannot be made up, ever. It's missed for forever.

According to the majority of scholars, no, he does not need to make them up. This is because none of the Companions, Tabi'een, etc. ever made them up; there is no explicit ayah of Qur'an, or hadith of Rasulullah (peace be upon him) telling us to make up prayers we missed. Imam Nawawi refers to the hadith related by Anas that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever forgets a prayer must perform it when they remember it…” [Bukhari (597), and Muslim (684).

Prayers missed in life time will only be made up through true and sincere repentance from Almighty Allah Who is Ever Forgiving, Ever Merciful. Qaza Umri for the lifetime missed prayers in reality discourage people from performing prayers due to fear of past guilt. Remember, Allah, the Almighty is so GREAT that HE Forgives all your sins even if you bring a mountain full of your sins, provided you seek forgiveness truly and sincerely from the core of your heart.

-1

In the name of God, the Beneficent, the Merciful

All perfect praise be to God, the Lord of the worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except God and that Muhammad  is His slave and Messenger.


Your question: Does a Muslim have to pray all the prayers that he left out?

Answer: Yes, you can. But you must make a clear intention as follows: “I’m performing such and such day’s Fajr prayer (for example).

If you have missed so many prayers that you don’t remember the exact number of prayers missed then the intention should be made as follows: “oh God! From those prayers I have missed, I am performing the first Fajr Salaah (for example)”. Likewise a person should try to roughly remember how many prayers he/she has to make up for and make up for them as soon as possible until content that all missed prayers are performed.

Why should a person make up his or her lost prayers due to laziness?

Because, no one knows when death will come upon him or her, so better be prepared. Do your homework (by praying, trying to recover the lost prayers, do good etc..) so that you can pass the final exam (the Day of Judgment)

the messenger of God (peace and blessings be upon him) mentions:

Whenever one of you misses a prayer due to sleeping or due to negligence, it is obligatory upon him/her that he/she pray the prayer when he remembers it because God has metioned, “Perform prayer when you remember me”(Muslim,Hadith 1569)

-2

Yes he must pray all left but, of some special cases

But, the other part of your question regarding forgiveness Its absolutely Allah SWT decision that he forgive or punish him.

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    -1 this is not a scholarly opinion as far as I know, and there's not much basis for it in the deen. – ashes999 Jun 19 '12 at 21:11
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    you gave examples of sahaba, did they ask about the time they were sahaba or before that? – Junaid Jun 19 '12 at 21:13
  • Imam Nawawi is referring here to the hadith related by Anas that the Messenger of Allah (Allah bless him and give him peace) said, “Whoever forgets a prayer must perform it when they remember it…” [Bukhari (597), and Muslim (684)] Check this – Junaid Jun 20 '12 at 8:11
  • You asked about what I think about your answer. My downvote stays. It needs more proofs. Simply quoting a hadith in comments is insufficient. – ashes999 Jun 20 '12 at 14:32
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    I'm not sure how well you understand the StackExchange site type. For this site, in particular, you need to cite a lot of references and details. General answers get down-voted because they need work and are not useful. It's not about my or your preferences; that's the site format. – ashes999 Jun 20 '12 at 14:42

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