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My question is about the Tashahhud in the five time prayers,

"ATTAHIYAATU LILLAHI VAS SALAVAATU VAT TAYYABAATU ; ASSALAMU ALAIKA AYYUHAN NABIYU VA RAHMATULLAHI VA BARKATUHU",

My understanding is that these words "AYYUHAN NABIYU " means that you are directly referring to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him as if he is MUKHATEB (listener), in other words, calling someone present.Now if this is true and my understanding is correct then I am bit confused, Because Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him is not alive and giving the SEFAT or attribute GOD LIKE adjective being always alive is KUFR and biddah .

Like the believe of the religion sect called Barelvi that they believe that Muhammad peace be upon him can hear them and they always send durud like "WA SALATU WASALAM YA RASUL ALLAH" which most scholars consider as Biddah.

marked as duplicate by Medi1Saif, nim, Community Jun 15 '16 at 9:52

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All Praise to Allah Subhanahu wa Taala and blessings of Him be on Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him His family and companions

See these ahadith which would In Sha Allah clarify your doubt ,

قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ ـ صلى الله عليه وسلم ـ ‏"‏ أَكْثِرُوا الصَّلاَةَ عَلَىَّ يَوْمَ الْجُمُعَةِ فَإِنَّهُ مَشْهُودٌ تَشْهَدُهُ الْمَلاَئِكَةُ وَإِنَّ أَحَدًا لَنْ يُصَلِّيَ عَلَىَّ إِلاَّ عُرِضَتْ عَلَىَّ صَلاَتُهُ حَتَّى يَفْرُغَ مِنْهَا ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ قُلْتُ وَبَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ قَالَ ‏"‏ وَبَعْدَ الْمَوْتِ إِنَّ اللَّهَ حَرَّمَ عَلَى الأَرْضِ أَنْ تَأْكُلَ أَجْسَادَ الأَنْبِيَاءِ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ فَنَبِيُّ اللَّهِ حَىٌّ يُرْزَقُ ‏.‏ It was narrated from Abu Darda’ that the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said: “Send a great deal of blessing upon me on Fridays, for it is witnessed by the angels. No one sends blessing upon me but his blessing will be presented to me, until he finishes them.” A man said: “Even after death?” He said: “Even after death, for Allah has forbidden the earth to consume the bodies of the Prophets, so the Prophet of Allah is alive and receives provision.’”(Ibn majah)

and

Dawud said Marwan [ibn al-Hakam] One day saw a man placing his face on top of the grave of the Prophet.He said: "Do you know what you are doing?" When he came near him, He realized it was Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari.Then he said: "Yes; I came to the Prophet, not to a stone.(Ahmad,Tabarni,Ibn Hibban,Al Hakim,Ibn Tayyimia in al-muntaqa)

Ahlus Sunnah wal Jamah believe that Prophets are alive in their graves as mentioned in hadith similarly Allah Swt has said about Martyrs that they are alive and dont consider them dead.

And do not say about those who are killed in the way of Allah , "They are dead." Rather, they are alive, but you perceive [it] not.(Quran 2:154)

So Martyrs are not above the level of Prophets so when they are alive how come we could not assume such about Prophets as well by the above clear hadith.

Imam Ibn Hajar alAsqalani (Ra) said in Sharh of Sahi Bukhari "fath ul Bari"

واحسن من هذا الجواب ان يقال ان حياته صلى الله عليه وسلم في القبر لايعقبها موت بل يستمر حيا والأنبياء احياء في قبورهم

The best answer in this context is that Prophet (Peace be upon him) is alive in his grave and death will never reach him , but he will remain alive due to this fact that the Prophets remain alive in their graves.

Now see this please for more clarification,

Anas reported Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: I happened to pass by Moses as he was busy in saying prayer in his grave, and in the hadith transmitted on the authority of 'Isa there is an addition of these words:, I happened to pass on the occasion of the Night journey."(Muslim)

It was narrated from Anas that: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: "I passed by the grave of Musa, peace be upon him, and he was praying in his grave."(Nasai)

Now as you stated about God like attribute "to consider alive as shirk" so regarding this when we consider someone to be alive it is not "Shirk" as we are alive yet but it could be if someone claims that He is alive from the beginning and he was not created later and this is called as HAADITH(Something which was not before but created later) so Allah Swt is from beginning but no body else is like that.

So everyone and Everything is "haadith" except Allah Swt and His Attributes.

Shirk Fis Sifaat is something when you consider these attributes of Allah Swt for someone else:

1- All attributes of Allah Swt are from beginning (Azali)

2- All attributes of Allah Swt are forever.(Abadi)*

3- Every Attribute of Allah Swt is infinite.(La mahdood)

4- All Attributes of Allah Swt are immortal.(Ghair mumkin ul Fana)

5- All Attributes of Allah Swt belong to himself not granted by someother being.(Zaati)

Whereas attributes of Everone other Than Allah swt are not azali means not from the beginning,not forever,limited,mortal and granted by Allah Swt not by itself.

So when someone says Ya Ayyuhan Nabi In tasshahud calling to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him sending Salam considering alive in grave,it is not considered as Shirk at all.

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah's Messenger (ﷺ) said, "Do you consider or see that my face is towards the Qibla? By Allah, neither your submissiveness nor your bowing is hidden from me, surely I see you from my back."(Bukhari).

Now see this ayah from Surah Taubah verse 128,

لَقَدْ جَاءَكُمْ رَسُولٌ مِنْ أَنْفُسِكُمْ عَزِيزٌ عَلَيْهِ مَا عَنِتُّمْ حَرِيصٌ عَلَيْكُمْ بِالْمُؤْمِنِينَ رَءُوفٌ رَحِيمٌ Now, there has come to you a Rasool from among yourselves, the one who grieves at your loss and who is excessively anxious for your success in both worlds, and who is compassionate and merciful towards the believers

Now here we see Allah Swt has stated "Rauf"(رَءُوفٌ) and "Raheem" (رَحِيمٌ) for Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him whereas we know these are the names of Allah swt and his attributes but if the concept and explanation of Shirk fis Sifaat is clear in minds no one would be doubtful as we know that attributes related to Prophet Muhammad peace be upon him is granted by Allah swt ,it was not from the beginning or by himself etc.

Regarding your other concern sending another kind of salawat to be biddah so what kind of salawat is "Mola Ya salli wasallim daiman abadan" every muslim knows it and recite it very well.Majority of Scholars have said your quoted salawat to be permissible.

You could see this too

Allah Swt and His Messenger knows best.

  • AFAIK "mawlaya sali wa salim daiman abdan 'ala habibika khayril khalqi koullihimi" is not part of the Burdah at all. At is just a rhyme wich is used to start from a part of the long poem and has the same rhythm etc. (I'm no expert in literature). On the other hand if somebody sings/recits al-Hamaziya of Imam al-Busiri he starts with "Sally ya rabana wa salim 'ala man houwa lil khalqi rahmatun wa shifa'u" as the rhymes of this poems end with a hamzah. – Medi1Saif Jun 14 '16 at 7:26
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    ok JazakAllah for letting me know it yeah it is mentioned to start the burdah with that salawat,so these lines are found in burdah to start with. – Faqirah Jun 14 '16 at 10:36
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In Quran we have this two part (or verse): Sad Surah part 71 and 72 :

when your Lord said to the angels, "Indeed, I am going to create a human being from clay.So when I have proportioned him and breathed into him of My [created] soul, then fall down to him in prostration."

what these means ? These means our soul is from God soul. and on the other hand we believe that God is always alive. So when we say :

" ATTAHIYAATU LILLAHI VAS SALAVAATU VAT TAYYABAATU ; ASSALAMU ALAIKA AYYUHAN NABIYU VA RAHMATULLAHI VA BARKATUHU"

we say these to soul of prophet Muhammad not to his body.

As an example, imagine one of your friends dies accidentally and you say : "I really love you". do you say this to his dead body or to his soul ? I am pretty sure that you say this to his soul.

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