Assalamu alaikum

I was reading an article written by Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl concerning the status of dogs and some of his arguments as to why he believes they are not as impure as some other scholars may state and I had a question regarding the exact translation and explanation for some of the references he made in his paper. For the most part, I was able to look up the exact sources online (in english translation) and cross-reference with his claims just to make sure that I could authenticate the points he made. However, for the sources that I list below, I have only been able to find the original Arabic script for these sources and unfortunately my knowledge in Arabic is very basic. I would appreciate it, if possible, if someone with access to these sources could explain what these sources say and if possible, explain whether Dr. Khaled Abou El Fadl is using these narrations correctly.

  • al-Mubarakafuri, Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 8:74; Al-Nawawi, Sahih Muslim, 9-10:478, 480, 483.
  • Al-Nawawi, Sahih Muslim, 3-4:465.
  • Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani, Fath al-Bari, 1:334.

If need the original article: http://scholarofthehouse.org/dinistrandna.html

Jazakallah khair

  • Salam and welcome to Islam SE. Please consider taking your time to take our tour and visite our help center and Islam Meta to learn more about the site.
    – Medi1Saif
    May 31, 2016 at 8:48
  • The sources are manly commentaries of hadith collections written by by well known scholars. Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi -> Sunan at-Tirimdihi, Fath al-Bari -> Sahih al-Bukhari.
    – Medi1Saif
    May 31, 2016 at 8:52
  • Well I don't really know at what exactly his reference points (hadith number/page/volume) and I'm not sure whether the original manuscript is helpful: To the Reference of fath-al-Bari I'd recommend you to read sunnah.com/bukhari/4 "chapter 33 If a dog drinks..." if my assumption is true: Than the hadith he is referring to is sunnah.com/bukhari/4/39 and the following narration, the comment of ibn Hajar is quoting a hadith which is similar to this sunnah.com/abudawud/1/382
    – Medi1Saif
    May 31, 2016 at 9:10

1 Answer 1


Here is what i could find about those ahadith referred to in the article.

On the quote from al-Mubarakafuri's, Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 8:74

This is referring to page 74 in volume 8 of the comment of al-Mubarkafuri on Jami' at-Tirmidhi. The hadith which is quoted there is this one. This is the 3rd reference of Imam at-Tirmidhi in the chapter titled "on The Angels don't enter a home with an image or dog" this is a major reason while Muslims consider it makrooh having a dog in the house, but outside for example in a garden that would be acceptable. This hadith shows that al-Hassan and al-Hussain (May Allah be pleased with them) had a puppy.

On the quote of Ibn Hajar al-‘Asqalani's, Fath al-Bari, 1:333 and 1:334.

Volume 1 pages 333-334 of the comment of Imam ibn Hajar al-'Asqalani on sahih al-Bukhari as mentioned in my comment this chapter is titled "If a dog drinks from the utensil of any one of you then it is essential to wash it seven times" and in those pages the hadith and the narration of ibn 'Omar are manly discussed , but here only the story of the man who gave the dog to drink is quoted the story of the prostitute appears elsewhere in both sahih books here the version of al-Bukhari. Ibn Hajar here is discussing the views of scholars on the 7 times washing utensils and also quoting that scholars considered the urine of a dog or all animal as clean (but not the urine of a human)

أبوال الحيوانات كلها طاهرة إلا الآدمي

This last narration shows that dogs used to run free in the mosque and urinate without their urine being cleaned. In opposite to their spittle, which must be cleaned. But ibn Hajar added, that this has been before people were asked to take care of the mosques, and supported his statement with a quote form al-Isma'ily with an other version of the same narration with an addition that 'Omar ibn al-Khatab used to say:

اجتنبوا اللغو في المسجد

avoid idle talk in the mosque (My translation)

then quoted the narration as in sahih al-Bukhari, so this might show that ibn 'Omar was quoting how the situation was before that time.

Others commented the narration as follows: the dogs used to run free in the mosque but urinated outside!

On the quotes from Imam an-Nawawi's comment on Sahih Muslim

Here my major problem, is that the book or compilation i found has only 6 volumes, so how to deal with 9-10:478, 480, 483 or 3-4:465. Especially as this references don't even apply to Sahih Muslim as it seems.

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