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If a girl marries her boyfriend without her parents' consent and permission then is their marriage accepted by Allah?

And if the marriage is not accepted by Allah, then can she marry another man with her parents consent? Will that marriage be accepted by Allah?

  • The 'Wali' may he be the father or a senior relative of the girl is a requirement for the marriage in order to ensure that the rights of the girl are preserved (including her right to marry an adequate husband). – Tarek May 14 '16 at 18:34
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It's not the parents' consent, it's her guardian's (wali's) consent that matters, which will ordinarily be her father. Two points:

  • It depends on whether or not she's been previously married, and
  • there's a difference of opinion.

Ordinarily, for previously unmarried women, scholars say the marriage is invalid. There's two sahih ahadith which are clear about this:

There is no marriage without the permission of a guardian. -- Sunan Abi Dawud 2085

Any woman whose marriage is not arranged by her guardian, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid, her marriage is invalid. -- Sunan Ibn Majah

However, there's exceptions, e.g. for previously married women (Sahih Muslim 1421).

The Hanafi school of thought is known for being an exception to the rule of marriage requiring a guardian's consent. However, this is not under normal circumstances, as a Darul Iftaa (Mufti Muhammad ibn Adam) explains:

... The relied upon position within the School is that the marriage of a free, sane and adult woman without the approval of her guardian (wali) is valid if the person she is marrying is a “legal” and suitable match (kuf’) to her. ...

... Many Hanafi jurists (fuqaha) have pointed out that it is generally blameworthy and going against the Sunnah to marry without the consent of the Wali regardless of whether the spouse is a legal match or otherwise due to the many Hadiths ...

As such, this Hanafi position is merely a concession (rukhsa) which may be resorted to in situations of need, and a blessing for those sisters who fall victim to their parent’s mistreatment and abuse. ...

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