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There is a verse in Quran:

مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَن يَسْتَغْفِرُ‌وا لِلْمُشْرِ‌كِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْ‌بَى مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ

It is not for the Prophet and those who have believed to ask forgiveness for the polytheists, even if they were relatives, after it has become clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire.

http://tanzil.net/#9:113

But there is a hadith in Bihar al-Anwar from the Prophet (SAWW) asking forgiveness for Meccan pagans when bothered him with throwing stone to him at first times he invited them to religion:

اللَّهُمَ‏ اهْدِ قَوْمِي‏ فَإِنَّهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

O Allah! forgive my people, they do not know.

Bihar al-Anwar, vol.20 p.21

How this verse and this hadith are compatible?

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Look at the verse you cited more precisely, it then adds "after it has become clear to them that they are companions of Hellfire".

This is also stated about Ibrahim --peace be upon him-- when he promised he will ask Allah to forgive his father (uncle indeed) and this is the one respect we shouldn't follow him although he is a good pattern according to [60:4]:

There is for you an excellent example (to follow) in Abraham and those with him, when they said to their people: "We are clear of you and of whatever ye worship besides Allah: we have rejected you, and there has arisen, between us and you, enmity and hatred for ever,- unless ye believe in Allah and Him alone": But not when Abraham said to his father: "I will pray for forgiveness for thee, though I have no power (to get) aught on thy behalf from Allah." (They prayed): "Our Lord! in Thee do we trust, and to Thee do we turn in repentance: to Thee is (our) Final Goal.

Asking for forgiveness for such people is like Noah --peace be upon him-- asking Allah for rescuing his son from the flood which is again forbidden for him (although what he did was not a sin either, clearly), see [11:37,40,45,46,47]:

"But construct an Ark under Our eyes and Our inspiration, and address Me no (further) on behalf of those who are in sin: for they are about to be overwhelmed (in the Flood)."

At length, behold! there came Our command, and the fountains of the earth gushed forth! We said: "Embark therein, of each kind two, male and female, and your family - except those against whom the word has already gone forth- and the Believers." but only a few believed with him.

And Noah called upon his Lord, and said: "O my Lord! surely my son is of my family! and Thy promise is true, and Thou art the justest of Judges!"

He said: "O Noah! He is not of thy family: For his conduct is unrighteous. So ask not of Me that of which thou hast no knowledge! I give thee counsel, lest thou act like the ignorant!"

Noah said: "O my Lord! I do seek refuge with Thee, lest I ask Thee for that of which I have no knowledge. And unless thou forgive me and have Mercy on me, I should indeed be lost!"

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reference for this verse; chapter verse: مَا كَانَ لِلنَّبِيِّ وَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَن يَسْتَغْفِرُ‌وا لِلْمُشْرِ‌كِينَ وَلَوْ كَانُوا أُولِي قُرْ‌بَى مِن بَعْدِ مَا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُمْ أَنَّهُمْ أَصْحَابُ الْجَحِيمِ

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