Why are Muslims not allowed to hang photos of their family on the walls of their houses? Is this even true?
If it is true, can you hang pictures of landscapes or abstract art on the wall?
Islam Stack Exchange is a question and answer site for Muslims, experts in Islam, and those interested in learning more about Islam. It only takes a minute to sign up.Sign up to join this community
*“The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came back from a journey and I had hung a patterned curtain on which there were images over (the door of) a room of mine. When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw it, he tore it and said, ‘The most severely punished of the people on the Day of Resurrection will be those who tried to imitate the creation of Allaah.’” She said: “So I made it into one or two cushions.” Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 5610; Muslim, no. 2107.
Sure you can hang any picture on the wall, given that it is not a picture of any animals (humans included). calligraphy, abstract art, modern art and pictures of landscapes, skyscapes, seascapes and other stuff is all allowed. You may have observed that in mosques that are old, generally built from the start of 800 CE till are all decorated with mosaics, calligraphy of Quran and even abstract architectural designs. Also plants and such things.
As Muslims, we look to fiqh scholars to make rulings on questions that arise. We do not just make our own rulings as this can lead to hellfire for many types of sin. what if ur wrong and you have lead others to sin? you must be well educated in Hadith and principles of Fiqh to make rulings.
When I read the Quran and learn the tortures for various sins, it helps me to avoid that and sure I want to please Allah swt. And you probably want angels in your home, so take down pictures.
Your memories of good times will always be with. Keeping them for others to see can cause jealousy and can become show-off. Allah swt knows best and it's for all time not just before our modern inventions.
From Islam Q&A 10325: Ruling on keeping pictures and children's toys
We know from Hadith that the Angels do not enter into a house where pictures/photographs of living things (humans or animals )are displayed. What is the ruling for keeping the photographs of family relatives and pictures appearing in magazines/newspapers etc. and toys like dolls and sculptures of animals. Your kind reply based on the teaching of Quran and Hadith is most kindly requested. May Allah bless you for this act of kindness.
Published Date: 2008-07-02
Praise be to Allaah.
Image-making is of two types: one by hand and the other by means of machines.
Image-making by hand is haraam, and is, in fact, a major sin, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) cursed the one who does it. He did not differentiate between images that have a shadow (i.e., three-dimensional) or those that are simply drawn (two-dimensional), according to the more correct scholarly opinion, because of the general meaning of the hadeeth.
With regard to image-making by means of machines, i.e. cameras, there is a difference of opinion among the later scholars on this matter. Some of them forbid it and some of them allow it.
In order to be on the safe side, it is better to avoid that, because it is one of the doubtful areas. And whoever is careful with regard to doubtful matters will protect his religious commitment and his honour. But if he needs to do that for a specific purpose such as proving his identity, there is nothing wrong with that because if there is a need, the matter is no longer doubtful.
With regard to keeping pictures, this is also of two types:
The first type is keeping images that are three-dimensional. Keeping them is haraam. Ibn al-'Arabi narrated that there is consensus on this point. See Fath al-Baari, p. 388, vol. 10). He said: This consensus has to do with things other than girls' dolls.
It was narrated that 'Aa'ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: "I used to play with dolls in the presence of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and I had friends who would play with me. When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) entered they would hide themselves and he would call them to come and play with me. Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 5779; Muslim, no. 2440.
The second type is images that are not three-dimensional. These are of different types:
Those that are hung up to be venerated and respected, as in the case of pictures of kings, presidents, ministers, scholars etc. This is haraam because it involves exaggeration about a created being.
Those that are hung up for the sake of memory, such as hanging up pictures of one's friends. This is also haraam, because of the hadeeth narrated in Saheeh al-Bukhaari from Abu Talhah (may Allaah be pleased with him), who said: "I heard the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) say: 'The angels do not enter any house in which there is a dog or an image.'" Narrated by Muslim, no. 2104).
Those that are hung up for the purpose of adornment. These are also haraam because of the hadeeth of 'Aa'ishah who said: "The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) came back from a journey and I had hung a patterned curtain on which there were images over (the door of) a room of mine. When the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saw it, he tore it and said, 'The most severely punished of the people on the Day of Resurrection will be those who tried to imitate the creation of Allaah.'" She said: "So I made it into one or two cushions." Narrated by al-Bukhaari, no. 5610; Muslim, no. 2107.
Those that are treated with disrespect, such as images in carpets and pillows. Al-Nawawi narrated from the majority of scholars among the Sahaabah and Taabi'een that these are permissible.
Those that have unfortunately become widespread and are difficult to avoid, such as images engraved on coins etc which have become a problem for the Muslim ummah. It seems to me that there is no sin on the one who acquires these without wanting to acquire images.
With regard to dolls that children play with:
An exception is made in the case of children's toys, which are not regarded as haraam or makrooh. But what are the toys which are exempted? We know that the toys of the past did not have eyes and lips and noses as they do nowadays. I think it is better to avoid these toys and limit oneself to those the kind of toys that were known previously.
See Fataawa al-'Aqeedah by Shaykh Ibn 'Uthaymeen, p. 66, 663, 679
And Allaah knows best.
People hang pictures of their loved ones to remember them. Look to their past and cherish memories. That is the general idea. Unfortunately, it is a practice in some religions to idolize theses pictures. For example, children are asked to take blessings from their late grandparents. They go to their photos (hung on the wall) and start praying. Seeking blessings from the ones who passed away. This practice is common in adulthood also. Similarly people who hangs pictures of famous people (religious/political/spiritual) are also found to idolize them to the extent.
For Muslims, "shirk" is the biggest of all sins. Since hanging pictures can lead to idolatry and "shirk", it is completely avoided.
Landscapes are beautiful. There is no issue of hanging them. Having said that I must also say that Muslim Scholars are against the photography of living things and some completely avoid photography and videography.
When you say abstract art, I can't make any comment. It is discouraged because of the reasons mentioned above.
I have never heard of a Hadith or Verse against this, but you may be referring it to a form of shirk as the above person said.
I say that taking photos of family, people and such and hanging them on a wall for memory of a blissful time is allowed, as long as it doesn't exceed the limit and end with you praying to it like some cultures and religions do, as we should only pray to Allah(swt) alone.
Though sometimes people say 'May my family watch over me in the hereafter', If in this they mean 'May my family watch my journey through life' then I say that it is ok, as they aren't asking them for guidance or praying to them and only asking them to watch them, but if they mean 'may they guide me in life' and believe that their ancestors can help them, then I don't recommend.
I'm no scholar or imam so I can't label it makrooh, but i don't recommend it as only Allah can help us, not our ancestors
The original question is WHY? Why do we have to pray 5 times a day? Why not 4? Because that is what our Creator swt has prescribed. Allah swt is most wise. So if there are sound hadith against it then if we dont understand or it doesn't make sense that is when we use our faith in Him swt.
It's good you are looking for answers but just make sure you are following the appropriately educated scholars.