I'm interested to know why sectarian conflict so often involves Muslims. Is it geo-political, sociocultural, economic, or is Islam fundamentally more intolerant of other religions than those it finds conflict with? I realise historically all religions have clashed ideologically, but what is it about the recent climate that has led Islam to fight battles on three fronts in a time when other sectarian conflicts have eased into an era of relative acceptance, tolerance and cohabitation.
That's still an open Question in Islam.– servant-of-WiserJan 31, 2016 at 10:46
I think your premise is wrong. IMO, anyone can go to heaven through their deeds regardless of their religion, and I know of one Hadith that supports this (mostly?) but I dont know of anything that rejects it. I dont think it is Islam that is at odds with others, and I dont think its religion that is the reason for the conflict. Politics uses religion as an excuse for conflict or an excuse for claiming power, and this is throughout the cultural history surrounding Islam, Christianity, Judism, and others.– user13203Feb 3, 2016 at 3:09
I am not speaking for the Hinduism of which I know little. Although I suggest you type "Hinduism clash on other religions", and investigate more the notion of Hindutva (purely Hindu nation) and how they clashed with Christian in particular. Buddhist extremists also massacred Muslim minorities recently, you can find more about it on Google.
With regards to Jewish extremism, a google search can also help. With regards to Christians, let's be serious for a second and look at the US and the recent declarations of some politicians and their numerous followers.
No there is no "inherent" Muslim intolerance. Although, yes, Islam, like many religions, rejects other religions.
Regarding your question: "why now". That's what matters. I am not a specialist, I can only point to numerous books (like Faith and Power, The True Story of Radical Islam, etc).
But just food for thought: any religion, any doctrine, any political idea, can serve to fuel radicalism. A great quote by Olivier Roy says "it is not radicalisation of Islam, it is Islamisation of radicalisation" (bad translation from French). Why Islam, why now ? Because it just so happens that the part of the world that was repeatedly attacked and plundered in recent history (middle east, parts of Africa) has Islam for main religion. That prevented the natural evolution of nations towards democracy and cultural flourishing. In some cases, even well developed countries were thrown back into the dark ages. Take Libya, a very stable state with healthcare for all and one amongst the highest education levels in Africa. Now torn apart.
When education is low, people turn to the one common idea they have, and it is usually religion. That happened in Algeria with the 10 years long civil war and 19 years long state of emergency. What was very weird in Algeria was how it unravelled: the country was a dictatorship with one party, the day free elections were held, people voted for the Islamic party overwhelmingly. A party whose part of the program was "vote for us, we will get rid of democracy and replace it with an Islamic state". What people often forget is that Algerian voted for this party in astounding proportions. This is what lack of education does. Then the military denied power to the Islamists which then became terrorists. But the people were for them in the beginning.
You can read The Moral Arc, (or watch the youtube video) on how Critical thinking and science can counteract that radicalism as it did in the past. That's what is needed in my opinion.
Science creates critical thinking, critical thinking prevents people from following blindly and being manipulated.
I can go on some more but I hope I, at least, cleared that point: yes Islam has a lot to do with what is happening, no it is not an inherent property of Islam.
3Thank you for your answer. I would argue that US foreign/domestic policy manifests from nationalism and capitalism rather than Christianity. American wars are not fought in the name of Christ. Do you agree? Jan 30, 2016 at 23:40
Absolutely. But the way it is sold to good portion of the population is through phrases like "God asked me personally to invade Irak". Granted, it was Bush, and he is a... special case... But still. I do believe a big portion of (republican) Americans feel about Islam the same way a big portion of Muslims feel about Christians. Evidently less so, but that means it is not simply an Islamic problem. It's the lack of exchange and openness.– ZakCJan 31, 2016 at 8:53
Islam may reject other religions but not to the same degree as other religions. I dont know of any other religion that invites other faiths to bow together with Muslims in prayer to God like Islam has done at least with the Jewish faith.– user13203Feb 3, 2016 at 2:59