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Is it shirk for a Muslim to celebrate Valentine's Day, according to the Sunna?

Wikipedia writes:

Valentine's Day, also called Saint Valentine's Day or the Feast of Saint Valentine, is an annual holiday celebrated on February 14. It originated as a Western Christian liturgical feast day honoring one or more early saints named Valentinus, and is recognized as a significant cultural and commercial celebration in many regions around the world, although it is not a public holiday in any country.

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    Why do you think it is shirk ? – servant-of-Wiser Jan 30 '16 at 8:44
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    In addition to the comment of @azam i would say a better question could be what is the Islamic stance. Or you should show what makes you think it would be shirk? – Medi1Saif Feb 12 '16 at 8:54
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It is not permitted for Muslim's to celebrate Saint Valentine's Day (see question 37908). However, there is no scholarly opinion that celebrating Saint Valentine's Day is shirk or kufr at large. Doing so may lead one, though, down that path to shirk or kufr.

Ibn Taymiyyah said:

فلا فرق بين مشاركتهم في العيد وبين مشاركتهم في سائر المناهج، فإن الموافقة في جميع العيد، موافقة في الكفر. والموافقة في بعض فروعه: موافقة في بعض شعب الكفر، بل الأعياد هي من أخص ما تتميز به الشرائع، ومن أظهر ما لها من الشعائر، فالموافقة فيها موافقة في أخص شرائع الكفر، وأظهر شعائره ولا ريب أن الموافقة في هذا قد تنتهي إلى الكفر في الجملة بشروطه

NOTE: My own translation, so treat with care:

For there is no difference between their participation in the festival and their participation in the other methods. An endorsement of their festival in its entirety is an endorsement of the disbelief. A partial endorsement of some of its [the festival] aspects is a partial endorsement of disbelief. Festivals are most characteristical of the laws [of religion] and one of the most apparent of its rituals. An endorsement of the most characteristical of the laws of disbelief and display of its associated rituals may, without doubt, lead one to disbelief in its entirety while fulfilling all of its conditions.

— Iqtidā' as-Sirat al-Mustāqīm, Vol. 1, pp. 528-530

As you can see, Ibn Taymiyyah just fell short of labeling one who celebrates the festivals of non-Muslims as a kafir or mushrik. Nonetheless, he expressed quite strongly that doing so may lead one down the path of fulfilling all conditions of kufr.

Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya did not have a different opinion as he said:

وأما التهنئة بشعائر الكفر المختصة به فحرام بالاتفاق مثل أن يهنئهم بأعيادهم وصومهم، فيقول: عيد مبارك عليك، أو تهنأ بهذا العيد، ونحوه، فهذا إن سلم قائله من الكفر فهو من المحرمات، وهو بمنزلة أن يهنئه بسجوده للصليب، بل ذلك أعظم إثما عند الله وأشد مقتا من التهنئة بشرب الخمر وقتل النفس وارتكاب الفرج الحرام ونحوه

NOTE: My own translation, so treat with care:

As for congratulating non-believers on the methods of disbelief specific to their belief, this is not permitted by agreement [of scholars], for instance, by congratulating them on their festivals or upon their fasting by saying "blessings of the festival for you," or "enjoy your festival," and so on. This, if the person saying is saved from becoming a disbeliever, is strictly forbidden, and it is the same as congratulating one for prostrating to the cross or even more of a sin for Allah and more hated than congratulating one on drinking wine or killing a soul or fornication or otherwise.

— Ahkām Ahl adh-Dhimma, Vol. 1, pp. 441

Ibn al-Qayyim obviously shares the same opinion as Ibn Taymiyyah. Both scholars on different occasions attributed their strong statements to the hadith narrated through Ibn 'Umar that said that those who copy a certain group of people become one of them, so copying disbelievers' rituals may make one become a disbeliever oneself:

حَدَّثَنَا عُثْمَانُ بْنُ أَبِي شَيْبَةَ، حَدَّثَنَا أَبُو النَّضْرِ، حَدَّثَنَا عَبْدُ الرَّحْمَنِ بْنُ ثَابِتٍ، حَدَّثَنَا حَسَّانُ بْنُ عَطِيَّةَ، عَنْ أَبِي مُنِيبٍ الْجُرَشِيِّ، عَنِ ابْنِ عُمَرَ، قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم:‏ مَنْ تَشَبَّهَ بِقَوْمٍ فَهُوَ مِنْهُم

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar: The Prophet (ﷺ) said: He who copies any people is one of them.

— Sunan Abi Dawud, Book 34, Hadith 12

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I wouldn't call it "Shirk", but it's not permissible according to the Sunna. Read more about it here

Edit: The word Shirk is when you associate partners with Allah (SWT). I'm not sure if Muslims do associate any partner with Allah (SWT) when they celebrate Valentine's day; however, according to the Sunnah of the Prophet (PBUH), Muslims are not allowed to celebrate any festivals that are based on kufr symbols. We all know the famous Hadith that says: "Whoever imitates people is one of them"

  • Please include this explanation in your answer. – servant-of-Wiser Feb 12 '16 at 13:09

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