In the name of Allah the most compassionate the most merciful
As I stated in the comment, your question looks includes several separated questions which can have a long answer(s). But I endeavor to present a long answer which God willing can reply many of your questions.
First of all, as a short answer, nonetheless, it has been reported in the hadiths that Allah, the Almighty, will create a new world after the destruction of this world and following the Judgment-day when the people of Paradise (Jannah) will settle in Paradise and on the other side, the People of Hell in Hell. Afterwards, Allah shall create a world (another world) which will be different from the current world and creatures.
Let’s look at the following long matter which is more complete and probably would be helpful as related matter to what you are looking for.
An answer to this question depends squarely on an appropriate
understanding of the Day of Judgment, resurrection and its signs. We
will therefore elaborate on some of the signs of the Day of Judgment
and then an answer will follow to the foregoing question: First: What
is inferred from the verses of the Holy Quran is that the world ends
with the arrival of the Day of Judgment and that a new world will come
into being after the day of Resurrection.1 The Holy Quran has made
mention of some signs which we shall mention under three categories:
A) Incidents which take place before the end of the world: One of the
pre-resurrection signs is the coming of the last Messenger. Another
sign of the end of this period is a smoke that will appear in the sky.
The Quran says: "Then watch thou for the Day that the sky will bring
forth a kind of smoke (or mist) plainly visible." It is narrated
that a companion of the Holy Prophet (s) asked him, “What is this
smoke?” The Holy Prophet (s) recited the above verse and then said,
“This is such a smoke that will envelope the entire world from east to
west, and it will remain for 40 days and 40 nights. A believer will
experience the uneasiness of cold (like hay fever), whereas the smoke
will come out of the nose, ears and rear of a disbeliever”. B)
Incidents which take place on the verge of the end of the world:
1. The mountains will be crushed following a few other incidents. They will be shaken by quakes, lifted up and then they will be
moved and crushed at one stroke. Then they will turn into a heap
of sands and then they turn into dust and disperse.
2. The seas will become turbulent and will explode. The Quran says: "And when the seas are made to flow forth." "When the oceans boil
over with a swell."
3. Devastating quakes: On the Day of Judgment, an ear-shattering sound will follow the sounding of the trumpet, and an unequalled tremor will
rock Earth. Massive mountains, trees—in fact every place on Earth—will
begin to rock at the same time. People will panic and be gripped by
great fear. The most fear-inspiring aspect is that no one can escape
it or find any sort of refuge, for this tremor is not like the ones
with which we are familiar; rather, this tremor will continue until
Earth has been flattened: "Mankind, heed your Lord! The quaking of the
Hour is a terrible thing."
4. On the Day of Judgment, the Sun and the Moon, the Earth's two sources of light, will be darkened one after the other: "When the sun
(with its spacious light) is folded up; When the stars fall, losing
5. The sky and other planets are rent asunder: "When the heaven is split asunder."
6. The incidents which will be created at the start of the Day of Judgment and resurrection: The last stage of the Judgment Day involve
incidents which take place following the two preceding stages: " On
the day when the earth shall be changed into a different earth, and
the heavens (as well), and they shall come forth before Allah, the
One, the Supreme.",  It can be concluded from the above that
the Day of Judgment is not the continuation of this world. This world
shall turn into a mess completely because great explosions and
horrific quakes will destroy everything. Thereupon, the world will
emerge with a new design on the mess and ruins of this world. The
resurrection of human beings shall take place in that new world.
Second: There are also other evidences in the Quran which somehow
substantiate the temporariness of this world. For example, the Holy
Quran says, "We created not the heavens and the earth and all between
them but for just ends, and for a Term Appointed." That appointed
day or term is the Day of Judgment when the skies and the earth are
folded up and the earth will go through a metamorphic change. Not only
the earth but also the sun, moon and other planets will not be in this
system for ever. Their movement and the system in which they operate
are for a temporary period of time. When the appointed time expires,
then they will be overthrown and rent asunder. Scientific
predictions made about the world and the existing system also accord,
to a great extent, with the revelation and religious underpinnings. If
there is a view opposing the revelation, it is, according to us,
nothing but a conjecture which is soon or late perfected or modified
by other scholars and drawn closer and nearer to the realities of the
Quran. Third: As for whether or not God will create a new creature
following the Day of Resurrection and upon people's going to Paradise
and Hell, it is a question which has been touched by some traditions:
Jabir bin Yazeed says that he asked Imam Baqir, peace be upon him,
about this verse: "Were We then worn out by the first creation? Yet
they are in doubt about a new creation. " He (Imam Baqir) said, “O
Jabir, the explanation of that verse is that when Allah, the Exalted,
will destroy this creation and this world, and doom people to living
in paradise and in hell then Allah, the Sublime, will create a new
cosmos from the beginning, and will create a new creature without male
or female that will worship Him and accept the oneness of Him.
Further, He will create a new earth without this earth for that
creature, which will carry the burden of it. And He will create a new
sky/heaven other than this sky that will spread its shadow on them.
Perhaps you think God has created only one universe and you think God
has not created any man except you. Yes by Allah, the Sublime, who has
created thousands of universes and thousands of Adams, you are in the
last of the worlds and you are the last descendants of those
Adams" Late Allamah Muhammad Hussein Tabatabai (may his soul rest
in peace) quote this meaning and considers it as one of the possible
(not the only) meanings of this verse. Therefore, this world with
its sky and earth will be overthrown after the Day of Judgment. And if
a world is also created, it will have different features and would be
beyond our imagination and perception. For further information, see
the following indexes:
1. The Nature of the Relationship of Action with Temporal Incidents, question 2229 (site: 2525)
2. The Age of Mankind, 637 (site: 701).
3. The creation of Adam and the Findings of Scientists, 2999 (site: 3297)
1 - Makarem Shirazi, Naser, Payam-e Qur'an (The Message of the Quran), vol.6, pg. 21, Amirul Momeneen School Publications, 1374 (1995).
 -Dukhan, 10
 - Payam-e Qur'an (The Message of the Quran), vol.6, pg. 27, Amirul Momeneen School Publications, 1374 (1995)
 -Al-Muzzammil, 14
 - Al-Haqqah, 14
 - Tur, 10
 - Al-Haqqah, 14
 - Al-Muzzammil, 14
 - Al-Waqeah, 5 and 6.
 - Al-Infitar, 3
 - Al-Takwir, 6.
 - Al-Hajj, 1.
 - Al-Takwir, 1 & 2.
 - Al-Inshiqaq, 1.
 - Ibrahim, 48
 - See: question 1946 on our website.
 - Makarem Shirazi, Naser, Payam-e Qur'an (The Message of the Quran), vol.6, pg. 40
 - Al-Ahqaf, 3.
 - Qira'ati, Mohsen, Resurrection, pg. 200, Jame'ah Islamic Modarresin Publications, Qom, 3rd edition.
 - Ibid, pg. 201.
 - Quran, Qaf 50, 15 أَ فَعَیِینا بِالْخَلْقِ الْأَوَّلِ بَلْ هُمْ فِی لَبْسٍ مِنْ خَلْقٍ جَدِیدٍ"
 - Faiz Kashani, Tafsir al-Saafir, vol.5, pg. 60, Tehran, Sadr, 1415 A.H.
 - Tabatabai, Muhammad Hussein, translation by Muhammad Baqir Musavi Hamedani, vol.18, pg. 534, Jame'ah Modarresin Publications, Qom, 1374 (1995).