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During Eid-Ul-Azha, we usually recite Takbeer (Allahu akbar Allahu akbar, La ilaha illallahu Allahu akbar wallahu akbar wa lillahil hamd) after every Farj salat in Ayyam-E-Tashrik one time.

But recently, our Imam started to recite it three times and told that, one time is wajib and three times is Mustahab. Yesterday I went to a relative's house and went to the masjid there and found they also started reciting three times.

I want to know the actual thing, Is it really a Sunnat/Mustahab? Or is it just a local fitna/bidyat?

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There is no hadith attributed to the Prophet ﷺ about takbīrat during the time of Eid al-Adha apart from:

حدثنا عفان، حدثنا أبو عوانة، حدثنا يزيد بن أبي زياد، عن مجاهد، عن ابن عمر، عن النبي ﷺ قال: ما من أيام أعظم عند الله، ولا أحب إليه من العمل فيهن، من هذه الأيام العشر، فأكثروا فيهن من التهليل والتكبير والتحميد

— NOTE: My own translation, so treat with care:

Narrated by Ibn 'Umar that the Prophet ﷺ said: There are no days in which righteous deeds are more beloved to Allah than those ten days, so increase [your] utterances of profession of faith [_tahlīl_, or saying La ilāha illa Allah), utterances of His Greatness (takbīr, or saying Allahu Akbar), and utterances of praise of Him (tahmīd, or saying Al-hamdu li Allah).

Musnad Ahmad, Hadith 5294

Apart from that, there are different opinions of how many takbīrat one can (one or three), the words to use, and the time of doing them (see in Arabic only Sharh al-Zurqānī 'Ala Muatta' Malik, Arabic: شرح الزرقاني على موطأ الإمام مالك) based on what some of the companions practiced. So doing takbīrat is not bid'ah, but there is nothing attributed to the Prophet ﷺ that restricts takbīrat to only after prayers, or to limit them in number.

  • { كَانَ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ يُكَبِّرُ فِي صَلَاةِ الْفَجْرِ يَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ إلَى صَلَاةِ الْعَصْرِ مِنْ آخِرِ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ حِينَ يُسَلِّمُ مِنْ الْمَكْتُوبَاتِ } رَوَاهُ الدَّارَقُطْنِيّ . رَوَى جَابِرٌ ، { أَنَّ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صَلَّى الصُّبْحَ يَوْمَ عَرَفَةَ ، وَأَقْبَلَ عَلَيْنَا ، فَقَالَ : اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ اللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ . وَمَدَّ التَّكْبِيرَ إلَى الْعَصْرِ مِنْ آخِرِ أَيَّامِ التَّشْرِيقِ } feqhweb.com/vb/t14936.html – Medi1Saif Sep 8 '17 at 7:03

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