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I know Salat have types like Farz, Sunnat, Nafil, Wajib.

I would like to know What is the difference between those? What is the importance of each one?

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Farz and Wajib are the same and means obligatory.

Sunnat and Nafil are the same and means recommended but not obligatory. a slight difference is Sunnat is mostly used for practices done by the Prophet as a role model for us.

In the Shari'ah (Islamic Constitution) deeds and actions are divided into five classes:

Fardh or Wajib: فرض او واجـب An obligatory duty the omission of which is Islamicly punishable.

Mus'tahab: مسـتـحب An action which is rewarded, but whose omission is not punishable.

Mu'baah:: مـباحAn action which is permitted but legally is indifferent.

Mak'rooh: مكـروه An action which is disapproved by the Shari'ah but is not under any penalty.

Haram: An action which is forbidden, and Islamicly punishable. (Reference)


What is the importance of each one?

Salat is tool for nearness to Allah and its acceptance is required for acceptance of all other good deeds.

Salat (prayer) is either obligatory (wajib) or supererogatory (mandub). The most important of prayers are the obligatory prayers performed daily five times, and there is consensus among Muslims that a person who denies or doubts their wujub is not a Muslim, even if he recites the shahadah, for these prayers are among the 'pillars' (arkan) of Islam. They are the established necessity of the faith (al-Din) that doesn't need any ijtihad or study, taqlid.


Reference:

Prayer (Salat), According to Five Islamic Schools of Law

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