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Sometimes there is a scenario that Salat ba-jamat has been started and one person arrives at a time such that his one or more Rakat's are missed. Then in this situation what is the exact ruling to join the jamat?

  • What is the exact manner to join the Jamat in this case?
  • In which Rakat should qirat be recited by the individual?
  • In which rakat should one sit after the original jamat has completed the Salat for Attahyiyat if he joins the jamat in 4th rakat for example in Zuhar?

Please provide your answer for all such possible confusing scenarios with reference to all the Salat timings i.e. Fajr, Zuhar, Asr, Magrib and Isha.

  • I have a question I want to add to this one. I have heard from my teacher in Arabic school when I was young that you take someone out of the people praying so you can pray with him the missed prayers. Maybe I remember it falsely but I'm not sure. Please clarify this situation. Is this something one also should do? – user24306 Jun 20 '18 at 15:39
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IF one arrived late and the Salat has been started, it is recommended for him to join it, rather than praying alone. How does he follow it? I'll explain in general, then give the detailed prayers.

First, the reference of each Raka(ركعة) is Rokou3 (ركوع), which means that if you reached after Rokou3, then the missed Raka must be repeated.

Second, you must follow the Imam, you don't start with the missing Raka then continue with him, for ex: if you arrived while he was in Sujud, you must make Sujud with them.

You follow the Imam till he finishes praying, then check how many have you prayed, in order to continue the Rakat till finishing the required number of Rakat in this prayer.

Since the first lost Rakat contain the verse reading after Fatiha, then while repeating your missed Rakat you read the verses, even if this was your 3rd Raka for ex.

Now we will start the scenarios:

  1. Arriving in 1st Raka:

If you arrived in the 1st Raka, and they hadn't make rokou3 yet or in the Rokou3, then you continue with them, make Rokou3 with them, even if you hadn't finish Reading Fatiha, you have to follow the imam, then continue the prayer with them, and make salam with them, because you hadn't miss any Raka.

If you had arrived after Rokou3 (it is considered the 2nd Raka), continue with them, then when they finish you don't make salam, you stand up and make an additional Raka and read a verse after Fatiha during this Raka as if you were making the first missed Raka, then after Sujud you sit, say Tahiyat, then make salam.

  1. Arriving in 2nd Raka: IF you arrived before or during Rokou3 in 2nd Raka, continue with them, then when they finish you don't make salam, you stand up and make an additional Raka and read a verse after Fatiha during this Raka as if you were making the first missed Raka, then after Sujud you sit, say Tahiyat, then make salam.

If you arrived after Rokou3 then this will be considered the 3rd Raka.

  1. Arriving in 3rd Raka: IF you arrived before or during Rokou3 in 3nd Raka, continue with them, then when they finish you don't make salam, you stand up and make the missed Rakat (you will have two more Rakat to repeat). If this was Maghrib prayer (then the total is 3 Rakat, and you have done only one raka), so after you stand up, make Rokou3, then after Sujud you sit down to say tahiyat because it will be your 2nd Raka, then you stand up to make the 3rd Raka, after Rokou3 and Sujud, you say tahiyat, then make salam. Else, if this was Duhr, Aser, or Isha'a prayer (4 Rekaat), then after the imam makes salam, you stand up to make your 3rd Raka, you don't sit after sujud, you stand again to make the fourth raka, then sit again and finish.
  2. Arriving in 4th Raka: this means you still have 3 Rakat to make, so you stand up to make your 2nd Raka (1st one made with imam), then after sujud you sit, say ta7iyat, then stand up, and make other 2 Rakat as usual.

So the rule is that you continue with the imam then repeat the missed Rakat, if you are in the 2nd Raka you sit and say ta7iyat, due to your prayer, and the number of Rakat you have reached after the imam has finished prayer.

Hope that helped, if you still have any question please don't hesitate to ask.

As for the references, my reference is the Book: "تيسير فقه العبادات " for the Author: "Sheikh Faysal Mawlawy", but I summarized it, sorry I couldn't find the contents of this book on the net to add the link, but you can find on islamweb.net some issues by typing: "صلاة المسبوق", it states the rules of being late, you can try this site also.

  • 1
    That really helped and is inline with what I inquired. Just 1 glitch, please add some reference or citing if any. And what is Rokou3 in your answer? I get you are referring to normal Rukoo, correct? – mtk Sep 22 '12 at 17:12
  • Is the number of sujud in your maghrib example correct? If i understand this correctly, then if you join in the last rak'aat (before ruku), you will get up after the imaam makes salaam, complete your first rak'aat (as this will be your second rak'aat) without reciting tahiyat after sujud, complete your second rak'aat then recite tahiyat, tashahud and durood? – user688 Oct 8 '12 at 15:27
  • yes it is correct, but the one you said im sorry it is not. Because after you stand up after imam finishes, then this is ur 2nd raka'at, so you have to say tahiyat, then say the last tahiyat too, so in this case you have said tahiyat three times. – Zeina Oct 11 '12 at 18:18
  • @Zeina For the first case (if I miss only the first rakaa), is the Salawat necessary after the Tashahhud or should it be omitted? – Hakim Dec 28 '16 at 17:52
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    @h4k1m no in this case it is Sunna, and can be omitted – Zeina Dec 29 '16 at 11:56

protected by Community Apr 3 '13 at 15:28

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