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I came across a situation after Friday prayers. I crossed a person and I had the intention of donating to him. But when I dug into my pockets, I found I didn't have any cash with me. I felt bad and walked away.

What does the Hadith say about our intention in reference to action? How are we judged in the eyes of Allah swt?

Side notes : http://www.islamweb.net/emainpage/articles/156996/the-intention-is-the-foundation-of-every-action

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  • Is there a reason why you would want to donate to him for crossing him by mistake? Do you crossing him as passing by him or interrupting their salah? – user12537 Aug 15 '15 at 17:25
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In the presence of following Hadiths, I need not add any further explanation

'Abdullah bin 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sws) said that Allah, the Glorious, said: "Verily, Allah (SWT) has ordered that the good and the bad deeds be written down. Then He explained it clearly how (to write): He who intends to do a good deed but he does not do it, then Allah records it for him as a full good deed, but if he carries out his intention, then Allah the Exalted, writes it down for him as from ten to seven hundred folds, and even more. But if he intends to do an evil act and has not done it, then Allah writes it down with Him as a full good deed, but if he intends it and has done it, Allah writes it down as one bad deed".

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Another hadith that makes it clear that even wishful thinking with good intention has merits.

Abu Kabshah Al-Anmari narrated that the Messenger of Allah (s.a.w) said: "There are three things for which I swear and narrate to you about, so remember it." He said: "The wealth of a slave (of Allah) shall not be decreased by charity, no slave (of Allah) suffers injustice and is patient with it except that Allah adds to his honor; no slave (of Allah) opens up a door to begging except that Allah opens a door for him to poverty"- or a statement similar- "And I shall narrate to you a narration, so remember it." He said: "The world is only for four persons: A slave whom Allah provides with wealth and knowledge, so he has Taqwa of his Lord with it, nurtures the ties of kinship with it, and he knows that Allah has a right in it. So this is the most virtuous rank. And a slave whom Allah provides with knowledge, but He does not provide with wealth. So he has a truthful intent, saying: 'If I had wealth, then I would do the deeds of so-and-so with it.' He has his intention, so their rewards are the same. And a slave whom Allah provides with wealth, but He does not provide him with knowledge. [So he] spends his wealth rashly without knowledge, nor having Taqwa of his Lord, nor nurturing the ties of kinship, and he does not know that Allah has a right in it. So this is the most despicable rank. And a slave whom Allah does not provide with wealth nor knowledge, so he says: 'If I had wealth, then I would do the deeds of so-and-so with it.' He has his intention, so their sin is the same."

[Al-Tirmidhi]

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