I'm a 19 years old Muslim. I've always wondered how these two theories can coexist. In Islam pov Adam and Eve were the first two humans created and from them then humanity was formed. But it's clearly proven that evolution was the way humans formed. Cave-men were found all over the world, and we are really look alike to monkeys (DNA, Aspect, etc...). How can the theory of Adam and Eve still hold? Do Muslims acknowledge evolutionism, and if I do, do that makes me less Muslim?
There is Hadith which mentions that Adam and Even were much larger in size than us, this means that when they were sent to earth, they were not sent in the same body, but given the homosapien body (this is of course an assumption from my part).
It was narrated that Abu Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “Allaah created Adam in his form, sixty cubits tall… and everyone who enters Paradise will be in the form of Adam, sixty cubits tall…”
(Narrated by al-Bukhaari, 5873; Muslim, 7092)
According to the above Hadith, they weren't sent to earth in the same body, nor will we enter paradise in the same body.
The evolution of biological entities is no different than the evolution of universe, Allah (swt) mentions about the expanding universe in the Quran:
“And the heaven We created with might, and indeed We are (its) expander.” (Quran 51:47)
Expansion is a form of evolution/change, Allah (swt) testifies to be the creator and controller of evolution, whether that be small biological beings like us, or the bigger entities within the universe, such as galaxies etc..
To reiterate, Islam doesn't clash with the theory of evolution, but that does not mean the theory of biological evolution is correct.
Important Note: You mentioned cavemen looking like monkeys, we have people today who look like Monkeys, some people would say the rapper "50 cent" looks like a Monkey, that doesn't prove anything. We have people today who have hair all over their body, including their face (just like Monkeys), yet again, that doesn't prove anything. We have 20 year old human beings the size of a 6 year old baby, yet again, it doesn't prove anything, they're still human beings. We have human beings with no eyes, human beings with extra fingers, we have conjoined human beings.... the list goes on, yet again, it doesn't prove anything because they're still human beings.
Let's say we were to find this skeleton:
Would this be consider as a different specie?
In Islam pov Adam and Eve were the first two humans created and from them then humanity was formed.
i have checked this in quran, at these ayats: http://corpus.quran.com/qurandictionary.jsp?q=A%5Edam .
i have thought how can i interpret them all compatible with evolution? i have come to this: adam and eve were not concrete persons like us, but they were concepts, prototypes, models, each including some variations.
at some point in time when human ancestors were evolutioning, god might send these prototypes to earth, so resulting in that human ancestors set a course of evolution to form first humans in form of adam and eve.