4

I've heard that Mecca was closed/forbidden to non-Muslims... I've also heard that the first is a myth, and that non-Muslims (mostly thinking of foreign tourists) may very well enter Mecca -- but that there perhaps aren't much to do for non-Muslims in Mecca...

What is correct? Is Mecca open for non-Muslims (tourists) or not? (Link to some official source is especially welcome.) I'm thinking more current enforced Saudi law, than tradition or the Quran...

closed as primarily opinion-based by goldPseudo Jul 22 '15 at 16:27

Many good questions generate some degree of opinion based on expert experience, but answers to this question will tend to be almost entirely based on opinions, rather than facts, references, or specific expertise. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

  • This really isn't the sort of question we cater to here: By your own question there's obviously multiple opinions in this matter, and each would have their own arguments as to why theirs is "correct"; answers will likely just devolve into a popularity contest rather than any actually useful answers. See also relevant meta discussion meta.islam.stackexchange.com/q/1442/22 – goldPseudo Jul 22 '15 at 16:27
  • @goldPseudo I disagree. I see I have gotten two diverging answers - and yes, my question presented two different views - but in the end, only one is right. No matter what the Koran says, no matter what scolars says, no matter what tradition says - in the end the question is simple enough: Would a non-muslim - lets say a semi-Christian from Northern Europe - be allowed into the city or not?! It wouldn't matter if those who let me through - or not - had misinterpered or ignored the Koran/tradition/scolars... only wheter or not I eventually would be allowed to enter or not. – Baard Kopperud Jul 23 '15 at 13:16
  • If you're asking about Saudi law, I question whether it's even on-topic here (maybe try travel.SE?). Either way, you should take some time to clarify the question or bring it up on meta, because right now it's attracting exactly the wrong types of answers. – goldPseudo Jul 23 '15 at 15:02
  • yes. i agree w @goldPseudo: this question in this SE attracts an answer based on the Quran and Hadith obviously. A legal approach to the question might be better addressed at Travel SE. – Abdul-Kareem Abdul-Rahman Feb 5 '18 at 10:44
2

No Mecca is prohibited for non-Muslims (but with details according Madhabs I answered in a separate post). That's why it's called the Haram. It is mentioned in the Verse 97 in Surat al Imran:

[3:96] Undoubtedly the first house of worship ever to be built for mankind is the one which is at Makkah: it was blessed and made the centre of Guidance for all peoples. [3:97]In it are clear Signs: there is the spot where Abraham used to worship:

then it is the sanctuary, and whoso enters it becomes safe and secure.

Allah has, therefore, a right on the people that the one, who can afford to reach the house, should perform Haj there: and the one who disobeys (this Commandment should know that) Allah is All-Sufficient and does not stand in need of any creature of the worlds

and more explict in Surat at Tawba:

[9:28] O you who believe (in Allah's Oneness and in His Messenger (Muhammad SAW)! Verily, the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah, and in the Message of Muhammad SAW) are Najasun (impure). So let them not come near Al-Masjid-al-Haram (at Makkah) after this year, and if you fear poverty, Allah will enrich you if He will, out of His Bounty. Surely, Allah is All-Knowing, All-Wise.

There is a Region around it which is tabu for non-Muslims.

The frontiers are according to "al Majmu' المجموع شرح المهذب" of Imam an Nawawi (as mentioned for example in the Arabic Wikipedia article about المسجد الحرام) (see map !):Boundaries of Makkah Haram area

  1. Towards Medina near Tan'im (3 miles from Mekka)

  2. Towards Yemen at tarn of Libin (7 miles)

  3. In the Direction of Jeddah at "munqatia al-aashash" (10 miles)

  4. In Direction of Taif at the end of the Arafat plain at the ground of Namua (11 miles)

  5. In the Direczion of Irak at the pass of Khull (7 miles)

  6. At the East at the valley of Abdellah ibn Khalid ibn Usaid (9 miles from Mekka)

It is said that during the Khalifat of Omar (Umar) ibn Al Khattab (may Allah be pleased with him) these Tabu zone even reached about whole arabian peninsula.

By the way Saudi authorities prohibit the entrance to this zone also to Ahmadyya.

For more details see also my answer on this question.

Read also about the boundaries of the haram in Mecca here.

-2

It is OK. It is a mis-conception that non Muslims aren't allowed to enter the Haram (nothing about Mecca). The quran says:

enter image description here

O you who have believed, indeed the polytheists are unclean, so let them not approach al-Masjid al-Haram after this, their [final] year. And if you fear privation, Allah will enrich you from His bounty if He wills. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Wise.

As you see this clearly states the Masjid Alharam and not Mecca. The above Ayah is the only proof some scholars mention that you are not allowed to visit Mecca if you are not a person of the book (Muslim, Christian, Jew).

Additionally, the most important point people miss in regarding to this Ayah is the reason why it was sent. During the time of the prophet the disbelievers would visit the holy Masjid and even pray in it. This is why the Ayah was sent down to stop them from doing so.

It was reported in the Sunan Alnisay, Mosnad Imam Ahmed, and many others including Sahih Muslim and Bukhari that the prophet said when this Ayah was brought down:

لما نزلت الآية قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم لعلي : ناد في أذانك ألا يحج بعد العام مشرك

When this Ayah came down the Prophet PBUH said to Ali: Call upon the people that no disbeliever is allowed to make Hajj after this year.

As you can clearly see the prophet PBUH interpreted this Ayah as going disbelievers are not allowed to go perform Hajj to the Kabbah and not what is generally believed.

As a matter of fact, many disbelievers used to come to Mecca after this Ayah came down (trade wise), and the prophet never forbade them to not come in.

The only other Hadith is the one that the prophet PBUH advised (not ordered) his people on his deathbed. The complete list is here, but I'll post one of them (they all are the same pretty much):

حَدَّثَنَا سَعِيدُ بْنُ مَنْصُورٍ، حَدَّثَنَا سُفْيَانُ بْنُ عُيَيْنَةَ، عَنْ سُلَيْمَانَ الأَحْوَلِ، عَنْ سَعِيدِ بْنِ جُبَيْرٍ، عَنِ ابْنِ عَبَّاسٍ، أَنَّ رَسُولَ اللَّهِ صلى الله عليه وسلم أَوْصَى بِثَلاَثَةٍ فَقَالَ ‏ "‏ أَخْرِجُوا الْمُشْرِكِينَ مِنْ جَزِيرَةِ الْعَرَبِ وَأَجِيزُوا الْوَفْدَ بِنَحْوٍ مِمَّا كُنْتُ أُجِيزُهُمْ ‏"‏ ‏.‏ قَالَ ابْنُ عَبَّاسٍ وَسَكَتَ عَنِ الثَّالِثَةِ أَوْ قَالَ فَأُنْسِيتُهَا ‏.‏ وَقَالَ الْحُمَيْدِيُّ عَنْ سُفْيَانَ قَالَ سُلَيْمَانُ لاَ أَدْرِي أَذَكَرَ سَعِيدٌ الثَّالِثَةَ فَنَسِيتُهَا أَوْ سَكَتَ عَنْهَا

Ibn ‘Abbas said that the Prophet (ﷺ) gave three recommendations saying “Expel the polytheists from Arabia, reward deputations as I did”. Ibn ‘Abbas said “He either did not mention the third or I have been caused to forget it. Al Humaidi said on the authority of Sufyan that Sulaiman said “I do not know whether Sa’id mentioned the third and I forgot or he himself did not mention it.”

A small note, I changed the above text from instructed to recommended as that is what the Arabic text translates to. This was a recommendation from the prophet and not an order, since we can see that not all the Calpihate Alsalhoon did it.

In the end, and in my opinion, based on the above evidence, I see no harm in people not of the book visiting any part of the middle east, but they are not allowed to commence Hajj rituals to the Kabba.

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.