Does Islam have a hermetic background from ancient Babylon? If not, then why does it copy the philosophy and rituals from them? Especially the astrological principles laid down by that priesthood of Babylonia.
There are two major claims about the religion history:
- Atheistic view
- Islam's view
It says that the humans were afraid of natural events such as lightning and storm. Also they were thankful for other natural things such as fruit giving trees. So, with the improvement of the brain and abstract thinking, they started to give abstract meanings to natural things and events, which eventually led them to worship in order to gain favor and avoid disasters. In time, with an improved abstract thinking and tools, humans realized that ordinary natural things can be beaten, thus they must be controlled by more powerful beings: gods. In time, this polytheism evolved into monotheism. Thus, it is expected that today's monotheistic believes still carrying myths from past.
It says that, there are always One God, there was and there will be. He created mankind and gave orders, but mankind corrupted the fact. Thus, Allah chose messengers among people in order to remind them the fact. Some were successful, some weren't. But, eventually mankind changed the belief again by corrupting the belief and changing the books which were given to the prophets by Allah to teach them the truth. Eventually, the last messenger was chosen and he was given a book which will never be changed until the end of the world. The belief in the minds can be corrupted again as we can see today, but one who seeks for truth can reach it through un-corrupted book.
If you believe that the atheistic claim is true, then you won't be surprised by the signs of the ancient beliefs in today's religions.
But, if you believe that the Islam's claim is true, then you won't be surprised by the signs of ancient beliefs in Islam, because they are a part of the truth and they were there before the ancient polytheistic beliefs. They just entered to the polytheistic beliefs in the corruption process, they probably misunderstood, but they were there before. Islam just corrected their meanings.
Does Islam have a hermetic background form ancient Babylon?
No, ancient Babylon has a background from Islam (the only monotheistic religion since the beginning). But, a lot of things had lost their true meaning.
If not, then why does it copy the philosophy and rituals from them?
Ancient Babylon copied the philosophy and rituals from Islam, but changed their meanings. They probably discovered the order in the sky/planets, enlightened the bond between it and religious rituals, but with the change in their belief, this bond gained a different meaning.
You all need to do better research. There is a hermetic history to Islam pre Mohammad. Pre Mohammad there was polytheist religion where Allah was considered to be the creator of all, similar to Brahma in Hindu. There was one sect that worshipped Allah exclusively, Hanifs, and this is what spawned monotheistic Islam. There are some excellent texts on this subject that delve into the science of magic in relation to Islam, relative to Kabbalah thought.