Moon WILL split and NOT that it already has.
So the Moon splitting is a future event - NOT PAST
Firstly the ayahs about the moon splitting in context
[54.1] The hour drew nigh and the moon did rend asunder.
[54.2] And if they see a miracle/sign they turn aside and say: Transient magic.
[54.3] And they call (it) a lie, and follow their low desires; and every affair has its appointed term.
[54.4] And certainly some narratives have come to them wherein is prevention--
[54.5] Consummate wisdom-- but warnings do not avail;
[54.6] So turn (your) back on them (for) the day when the inviter shall invite them to a hard task,
[54.7] Their eyes cast down, going forth from their graves as if they were scattered locusts,
[54.8] Hastening to the inviter. The unbelievers shall say: This is a hard day.
I have read many sites in the past that continually say as the hadiths do, that Prophet Muhammad split the moon (there is also some minority Shia groups who like to argue it was Imam Ali)
There are many fallacies to such an idea.
The greatest problem is the idea that the prophet had other “miracles” not mentioned in the Quran.
The word for “Miracle” in Arabic is Ayat also meaning sign and importantly VERSE.
(To see an example of the word “āyatan” read [54:2] in the above narration).
The prophet was given 6236 AYATS/VERSES/SIGNS/MIRACLES.
It goes against the whole concept of Islam to think the prophet had more ayats than the Quran.
Some supporting ayats (that the prophet had no other ayats/verses/signs/miracles)
[13:7] And those who reject say: “If only a sign was sent down to him
from his Lord.” You are but a warner, and to every people is a guide.
[3:183] Those who said: “God has pledged to us that we should not
believe in a messenger unless he brings us an offering which the fire
will devour.” Say: “Messengers have come to you before me with clarity
and with what you have said, so why did you kill them if you were
[30:58] And We have put forth for the people in this Qur’an of every
example. And if you come to them with a sign, those who rejected will
say: “You are bringing falsehood!”
[20:133] And they said: “If only he would bring us a sign from his
Lord!” Did not proof come to them from what is in the previous
[6:124] And if a sign comes to them they say: “We will not believe
until we are given the same as what the messengers of God were given!”
God is fully aware of where He makes His message; those criminals will
have debasement with God and a painful retribution for what they had
[6:35] And if their aversion has become too much for you, then perhaps
you could make a tunnel in the earth, or a ladder to the heavens, and
bring them a sign. Had God willed, He would have gathered them to the
guidance; so do not be of the ignorant ones.
The other problem with such an idea is we also MUST agree that if the moon splits, it must/can/will be witnessed by other nations and not just to a few in the desert. In fact many people believe a big party of people witnessed this event, where as in their hadiths three around a mountain witnessed this event. Those being Abdullah bin Masud, Anas bin Malik and Ibn ‘Abbas (according to hadiths)
If only they saw it and it really did happen THEN this incident actually becomes an illusion for the eye or as the Quran states, Transient Magic.
What is magic? It is when the eye is tricked into believing something goes against the natural law. The Quran mentions magic as the eye being deceived, deluded, beguiled or bewitched.
Here is an example in the Quran where Allah mentions what magic is.
Trickery of the eye
[7:116] He said, "Throw." Then when they threw, they bewitched (the)
eyes (of) the people, and terrified them and came (up) with a magic
Therefore in this ideology based on Hadith, Prophet Muhammad deceived (done magic) to these 3 people because no one else in the world witnessed this ayat/verse/miracle/sign happening.
If the moon splits the lost of the gravitational pull alone will cause major catastrophes on earth. The earth itself will lose its tilt and will ultimately begin spinning uncontrollably (east may become west). None of these expected catastrophes were experienced around the world when the prophet apparently split the moon.
Nobody besides 3 people saw it or felt it.
Ayats of consideration:
Before I begin explaining why it is a future event, I want to begin by removing the misconception that this is a past event.
[54.1] The hour drew nigh and the moon did rend asunder.
Here it does mention the moon is mentioned splitting in past context.
“Wa-inshaqqa” is past tense and translates to “and has split”
Sometimes the Quran gives future events in past tense, in order for the reader to feel as if they are experiencing it as it is happening
This can be seen in other ayats such as the one below
[78:19-20] The heaven was opened (futihat) like gates. The mountains
were removed (suyyirat), as if they were a mirage.
Also in regards to [54:1], there is a sequence of events where it doesn’t just say the moon has split BUT it begins with “The Hour” or Judgement Day has come close, THEN it mentions the moon has split.
[54.3] And they call (it) a lie, and follow their low desires; and
every affair has its appointed term (Mustaqirrun).
In the Quran there are many examples of decrees coming to pass and something reaching its "appointed time”, in all instances on thing is for certain, there is no possibility of return.
The word used in [54.3] for "appointed term” or settlement is Mustaqirrun.
The same word is used later on in the Surah
[54:38] And certainly seized them in the morning early a settled
In [54.3] we clearly see the moon has reached this pinnacle point. This means this ayat is mentioning the death of the moon and not like hadiths say it was put back together (or it has already split).
[54.7] Their eyes cast down, going forth from their graves as if they
were scattered locusts,
This ayat is clearly speaking about resurrection.
NOBODY mentions the resurrection of the dead in hadiths.
This ayat alone clearly shows its a future event.
Now to the more plausible explanation of this Surah.
Inshallah you all understand my perspective.
I see the Quran is explaining the story as though you are living that moment.
BEFORE YOU READ THIS SURAH, try doing to imagine yourself on that day (in future not past) when we ourselves witness the moon splitting and the hours is drawing near.
The Quran is explaining it from your own perspective.
[54.1] You just watched the moon split
[54.2] Others saw it but are calling it Transient Magic or CGI People
are watching it on the news, YouTube, media or any other medium and
saying it's a lie. Even those that look up in the sky believe it is
just an illusion
[54.3] People continue their normal task due to claiming its a lie
[54.4-5] Can not comment if this has been given yet or if its in the
future, but I can guess it may be in regards to the current moon
splitting situation called "Lunar Graben". It is well documented that
the crust of the moon is being stretched.
[54.6] Now it commands the successful to turn their backs on them when
the inviters/callers are approaching those who claimed the end will
[54.7-8] Here the realization of their resurrection is cemented and
they realise their error in assuming it would never come.