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For example, Juzu' 30 starts with sura Naba and ends with sura Nas. My question is, when, how and why did the idea of juzu' came?

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    Juz is the correct Islamic term – Zahra Ezati Aug 15 '12 at 18:15
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    @Ezati - since this is a practical facilitation that Muslims derived after Islam had been canonized, there is no such thing as a "correct Islamic term" for this :) It is the Arabic term, yes, but there is no harm in using "para" or "thirtieth" or any other term – Ansari Aug 16 '12 at 19:31
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As I read, the term of juz' was not established in the time of Prophet Mohammad (PBUH). This term and this methodology was introduced by earlier muslims. To be exact, it was introduced by Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf when he was the Governor of Iraq in Umayyad caliphate .

My reference is (I'm sorry but it is arabic) : http://islamqa.info/ar/ref/109885

Update : I found some facts(in english) about the role of Al-Hajjaj ibn Yusuf in introducing sections in qur'an in the famous tafsir , Tafsir al-Qurtubi(Sciences of the Qur'an) :

http://bewley.virtualave.net/ulum3.html

  • Its not that I don't believe you, but as I did not understand your reference (in Arabic), I cannot accept the answer. But of course +1. – Mohayemin Aug 16 '12 at 4:00
  • @Mohayemin see the new update of the answer – yahya tawil Aug 16 '12 at 10:21
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    The link you cited is quite lengthy. Please quote (using the quote feature) some of the relevant sections in your answer. – ashes999 Aug 16 '12 at 18:19

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