I would like to know if it is permitted to claim a deduction on income taxes for charitable donations.
For example, United States tax laws allow for income deductions to be claimed for donations to non-profit, charitable organizations designated as 501(c)(3). Most Islamic charities within the US present their non-profit status and provide their Tax ID numbers as additional evidence of this. Many other countries throughout the world, including predominantly Muslim countries, have similar laws.
I have heard that tax deductions for charitable donations can be considered haram as it provides a benefit to the donor. In addition, I have found links online both for and against claiming tax deductions for charitable donations.
Is it permissible? Are there different rules regarding this for zakat and sadaqah?