I'm certain that creating a computer that simulates intelligence would be frowned upon.
From what do you draw this thought? It is an assumption to which as far as Islamic text goes is baseless (perhaps you can provide you reasoning/source so I can expand on it?)
My reasoning to this will start by paraphrasing something from Uṣūl al-fiqh by Imam al-Shafi'i (I credit it to him, but I am not 100% sure, I try to cite the proper source later.) which is, "all actions, which are not matters of ibadah (matters of worship) are halal until proven haram.
So if we apply the proper logic, the default Islamic ruling is it would be halal, unless it ties with a matter of shari'ah, which may put conditions on it. (As far as I searched there was lack of any specific condemnation of artificial intelligence, or anything that seemed to tie with it.)
The lust of research...
So I have been researching this topic for awhile now, and came across possible leads to certain things, I address them below.
Ibn 'Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying, "Every painter will go to Hell, and for every portrait he has made, there will be appointed one who will chastise him in the Hell." Ibn 'Abbas said: If you have to do it, draw pictures of trees and other inanimate things. - http://sunnah.com/riyadussaliheen/18/170
To this hadith comes a complex story, some scholars do not except it as some of my research finds out, however the majority apply it with context to a limited area, in which that representation of a person that was giving a soul by Allah (swt) is haram, however a drawing of a being without a reference to real human being is fine.
So I decided to ask the Imam at my local mosque, this is his view:
It is prohibited to draw a picture of a specific person that once lived, however drawing of imagination is okay.
I asked him for his logic to this conclusion and he shared with me this hadith:
It was narrated that 'Aishah, the wife of the Prophet [SAW], said: "We had a curtain on which there were images of birds, at the entrance to the house. The Messenger of Allah [SAW] said: 'O 'Aishah, remove it, for ever time I come in and see it, I remember this world.'" She said: "We had a plush wrap, with a border on it, that we would wear, and it was not cut off." - http://sunnah.com/nasai/48/314
He expands saying from the preceding ahadith from the prophet Muhammad (PBUH) shows that he did not disapprove of having a curtain with a picture of a bird, making it permissible. Applying this logic works with the Turing test and robots that pass it. So designing a robot like ASIMO is halal.
A little more interesting research...
Mimicking creation, as by your statement, "a computer that simulates intelligence" if this your belief you think why it is frowned upon, it comes down to niyyah also known as intention. If the niyyah is aspiring to create like Allah (swt) creates, than by means yes it is haram. However the Turing test is a test to measure whether the artificial intelligence can fool some humans into thinking it is human as well, this is not intention to mimic Allah (swt) creation. The reality comes to the application of artificial intelligence, not artificial intelligence itself.
Artificial intelligence, halal, but with a few restrictions upon application.*
*I am not a scholar, however this is the best I could come up with some research.