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I sometime hear hadith that want to see if they are included in the major hadith collections. Or I want to see who have narrated them and the lines of narrations, how authentic the hadith is considered by different scholars, and other information about the hadith.

However it is not easy because often I don't know the exact Arabic phrasing of the hadtih.

How can I find information like those stated above given a rough English translation of a hadith? Is there any software or site for this?

  • possible duplicate how-do-we-make-sure-if-an-hadith-is-sahih-or-fake – muslim1 Aug 3 '12 at 23:27
  • @Thecrocodilehunter, I think the questions are different. I am asking about how to locate information about a hadith, particularly when I don't have the exact Arabic statement of the hadith. – Kaveh Aug 3 '12 at 23:29
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As someone who frequently hunts down references, I can only offer a hit-and-miss approach. Until hadith collections and their translations are properly digitized and stored in a retrieval-friendly format, that's going to be the best we non-Arabic speakers can do. http://sunnah.com is one step in that direction but there is a long way to go.

The hit-and-miss approach is as follows:

  • Find reliable websites that mention the hadith, say in English. You can use your paraphrasing to do this and most modern search engines will be able to figure out what you mean.
  • Once you find a reliable website with the hadith translation, copy down the text of the translation (which you didn't have).
  • Now search for this translation and see if you get any hits which include a reference. If so, track down that reference either on a website that has that collection digitized or in a PDF e-copy of that collection. If you found it, you're done. Typically however it's not that easy. Even if there is a reference, it typically won't be according to the standard numbering scheme. In that case, try to see what scheme they follow and where that hadith is in relation to the book and chapter numbers.
  • Translate a few keywords of the translation into Arabic and force Google to search within websites that have digitized copies of the hadith collections (for example hadith.al-islam.com or al-eman.com or other websites). You will get multiple results and you will need rudimentary Arabic to sift through these. If you're lucky, they will be in the primary collections. Otherwise you'll get references, which you then track down.

Keep doing this and follow the leads and if it exists chances are you'll keep narrowing the field and eventually find it, inshaAllah.

  • Just to add to this: many times, in English, you will find information like "authenticated by Al-Albaani". – ashes999 Aug 4 '12 at 0:01
  • @ashes999 Again, you must verify that alleged authentication by going into his books and checking. Usually either in Saheeh wa Da'eef <collection> or in Silsilat Ahadith Saheehah or Daeefah. People love to tack that on even if it's not true so it must be checked. – Ansari Aug 4 '12 at 0:16
  • that's news to me :| thanks for letting me know. – ashes999 Aug 4 '12 at 9:04
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The easiest way to know if a Hadith is 'authentic' is to check how many people actually Nararated it. If one Sahabi did, it is Ahad, and less trustworthy. If 10+ did, then it is Mutawatir and much more trustworthy.

List: http://web.archive.org/web/20080423230248/http://hadith.al-islam.com/bayan/Index.asp?Lang=ENG&Type=3

As for individual classification, that is nearly impossible in English currently. Start learning which Narattors are trustworthy and which are not.

  • Yes but for the lay man it is the easiest, and most logical, way to figure out what Hadith were more likely said by the Prophet. I'm sure he doesn't want a PhD in the subject, just a fast way to figure out what Hadith are most trusted. – Ali Feb 28 '13 at 20:49

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